45% of Brazilians did activities to supplement income in 2021, says survey

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45% of Brazilians, or about 76 million people, resorted to extra activities last year to supplement their income, according to a survey by the Instituto Cidades Sustentáveis. The survey covers all of Brazil for the first time. Since 2007, it was made only for the city of São Paulo.

The four main services were: general services, such as cleaning, maintenance or rent-a-husband (13%); produce food at home to sell (8%); sell clothes and other used items (6%) and beauty services (5%).

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For the study, 2,000 Brazilians from the five regions of the country, aged 16 or over, were interviewed during the first five days of April. The margin of error is 2 percentage points more or less on the results found.


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The research points out that approximately three quarters of the Brazilian population – or 125 million people – have noticed an increase in the number of people experiencing hunger and poverty in the last 12 months. And 47% know many people who have difficulty buying food.

The Southeast region is the main one, where 53% of people saw an increase in people in poverty. And it is in the southern region that the inhabitants observed a greater number of people working at traffic lights and on the streets.

Regarding the condition of the municipality, the largest number of people who observed the inhabitants in poverty in the city live in the capital or in the metropolitan peripheries. These places have more than 50 thousand inhabitants.

Racism, women and gender issues

Brazilians notice a difference in treatment between black people and white people, especially in shopping malls, commercial establishments, schools or universities and in work situations, such as selection processes, and even when considering job promotions.

The region in which more people responded to the survey regarding the perception of racial issues was the Southeast.

The survey also pointed out that prejudice due to sexual orientation or gender identity is also quite common in the country, with public spaces such as streets, squares, parks and beaches being the most vulnerable places for this public.

As for public spaces, the Southeast region was the one that stood out the most when respondents were asked about having seen someone suffer prejudice due to orientation. In schools and colleges, the North, Midwest and Northeast regions were at the top of the list.

The research also showed that almost half of the women claim to have suffered some type of harassment in their lives and it is also in public spaces where they are most exposed to these aggressions, in addition to means of transport, bars and nightclubs.

47% of women, or 42 million, said they had been harassed in at least one of the surveyed environments and 2%, or 1.8 million, said they had been harassed in all investigated locations: street, public space, public transport, nightclubs , work environment, private and family transport application.

These situations of racial and color prejudice, sexual orientation or gender identity and harassment against women are less frequent or perceived in the South region, highlighted the study.


The need to use some public service over the internet in the last 12 months was higher among Brazilians aged between 16 and 44, the most educated, those with a family income of more than 2 minimum wages, and those who live in capitals or cities with more than 500,000 population.

At the same time, the survey highlighted that participation in remote classes or classes over the internet was more significant among people aged between 16 and 44, the most educated and those with a family income greater than 5 minimum wages. In addition, the proportion is higher among women than among men.

The search for a health service over the internet in the last 12 months was more expressive among Brazilians with higher education, those whose family income is more than 5 minimum wages, in the northeast region and among those who live in cities with more than 500 thousand inhabitants.

Source: CNN Brasil

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