As of today, January 18, 2023

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What happened like today in Greece and the world.

532: Byzantine Emperor Justinian represses the Edict of Nicaea.

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1778: English captain James Cook discovers the Hawaiian Islands and names them Sandwich.

1823: Nafplio is defined as the headquarters of the Greek rebels.

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1827: The 3rd National Assembly is convened in Ermioni and Troizena, which revises the Constitution and invites Ioannis Kapodistrias to take over as Governor of Greece.

1833: Othon and the members of the Regency arrive in Nafplion, aboard the English frigate “Madagascari”. The first king of Greece is accompanied by 4,000 Bavarian soldiers.

1904: Major strikes begin in Germany as negotiations fail between the industrialists of the large spinning mills and the workers.

1910: The Kyriakoulis Mavromichalis government resigns and a new one is sworn in under Stefanos Dragoumis, at the request of the Military Association.

1913: The crown prince Constantine assumes command of the Army of Epirus, which attempts to occupy Ioannina.

1913: The Greek Fleet defeats the Ottomans at the naval battle of Lemnos, securing the North Aegean islands for Greece.

1919: The Versailles Peace Conference begins in Paris, officially ending World War I. Smyrna, with the region of Aydin will be ceded to Greece. On the same day, the luxury car manufacturer Bentley Motors is founded in England.

1923: The new Gregorian Calendar is established in Greece, which will be effective from February 16. So with the new calendar, February 16th will become March 1st.

1943: Siege of Leningrad: The Red Army breaks the cordon of Nazi forces for the first time. With Operation Iskra he manages to open a corridor and begins resupplying the city, partially relieving the besieged residents. On the same day, the first uprising of the Jews in the Warsaw Ghetto takes place.

1997: Bordge Usland from Norway becomes the first person to cross Antarctica alone and unaided.

2001: In France, Parliament unanimously adopts a law recognizing the Armenian Genocide of 1915. In Turkey, the government says in a statement that the law will cause serious and lasting damage to bilateral relations and is recalling its ambassador to Paris for consultations, while the president of the Chamber of Commerce appeals for a boycott of French products.

2004: 25 people are killed and 131 injured, most of them civilians, after a suicide attack with 500 kilograms of explosives on the US headquarters in Baghdad.

2011: Chinese President Hu Jintao is welcomed on the steps of the White House by Barack Obama, during the most important visit by a Chinese leader to the US in 30 years.

2020: Officials at Buckingham Palace have announced that starting next spring, Prince Harry and his wife, Meghan, will retain but no longer publicly use the titles Her Royal Highness and will no longer receive public funds for royal practice the tasks.

2021: Hairdressers, beauty salons, car repair shops and non-essential shops are reopening in Greece as part of the partial lifting of the universal ban in the country due to the pandemic.


1689 – Montesquieu, French writer and philosopher

1743 – Louis-Claude de Saint-Martin, French philosopher

1815 – Constantin von Tischendorf, German theologian

1841 – Emmanuel Chabrier, French composer

1848 – Ioan Slavic, Romanian writer

1867 – Ruben Dario, Nicaraguan writer

1871 – Benjamin, Patriarch of Constantinople

1876 ​​– Richard Hellmann, German businessman

1880 – Paul Ehrenfest, Austrian physicist

1881 – Gaston Gallimard, French publisher

1892 – Oliver Hardy, American actor

1898 – Gerasimos Stamatelatos, Greek painter

1904 – Cary Grant, English actor

1911 – Vasilios Vasilievich Koinas, Ukrainian pilot

1914 – Yiannis Papaioannou, Greek composer and musician

1915 – Vassilis Tsitsanis, Greek songwriter

1925 – Gilles Deleuze, French philosopher

1928 – Alexander Gomelsky, Russian basketball coach

1931 – Andre Peters, Belgian football player

1932 – Chronis Exarchakos, Greek actor

1935 – Pieter Arbnori, Albanian politician

1940 – Iva Tzaniki, Italian singer

1947 – Argyris Bakirtzis, Greek singer

1948 – Thomas Bakalakos, Greek composer

1949 – Philippe Starck, French industrial designer

1950 – Gilles Villeneuve, Canadian racing driver

1954 – Ted DiBiase, American wrestler

1955 – Kevin Costner, American actor

1969 – Dave Batista, American wrestler

1971 – Pep Guardiola, Spanish soccer player

1984 – Yannis Drymonakos, Greek swimmer

1984 – Makoto Hasebe, Japanese soccer player

1987 – Grigoris Makos, Greek football player

1987 – Stefan Filipović, Montenegrin singer


350 – Constans, Roman emperor

474 – Leo I, Byzantine emperor

1174 – Vladislaus II, king of Bohemia

1254 – Henry I, King of Cyprus

1367 – Peter I, King of Portugal

1411 – James of Moravia, King of Germany

1547 – Pietro Bebo, Italian cardinal

1586 – Margaret of Parma, Duchess of Florence

1849 – Panoutsos Notaras, Greek politician

1849 – Julius von Esslin, German banker

1862 – John Tyler, 10th US president

1873 – Edward Bulwer-Lytton, English writer

1890 – Amadeus, King of Spain

1896 – German, Archbishop of Athens and all Greece

1898 – Henry Lindell, English philologist

1903 – Evangelos Kousoulakos, Greek journalist and poet

1908 – Edmund Clarence Stedman, American poet and critic

1919 – Louis Victor, Archduke of Austria

1936 – Rudyard Kipling, British writer

1956 – Konstantinos Tousiadis, Greek lawyer and prefect

1957 – Markos Drakos, Cypriot fighter

1963 – Edward Charles Titchmars, English mathematician

1968 – George Fragoudakis, Greek politician

1974 – Georgios Kastanidis, Greek lawyer and politician

1984 – Vassilis Tsitsanis, Greek songwriter

1989 – Bruce Chatwin, English writer

1997 – Adriana Casellotti, American actress

1997 – Paul Tsongas, American politician

1998 – Dan Georgiadis, Greek football coach

2003 – Ed Farhat, American wrestler

2005 – Philip Johnson, American architect

2016 – Michel Tournier, French writer.

Source: News Beast

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