What happened like today in Greece and the world.
1297: At the Battle of Stirling, the Scots under William Wallace and Andrew de Murray defeat the English.
1541: Santiago in Chile is being destroyed by indigenous warriors.
1565: Ottoman forces withdraw from Malta ending the long siege of the island.
1609: Explorer Henry Hudson discovers Manhattan Island.
1611: Rebels led by Metropolitan Dionysios II occupy Ioannina. The Ottomans counterattack and arrest him, flay him alive in the central square of the city and revoke the privileges granted in 1430 by Sinan Pasha.
1776: Anglo-American conference on Staten Island fails to stop the American Revolution in its infancy.
1789: The terms “Left” and “Right” are established, during the debates over the new Constitution in revolutionary France.
1802: France annexes Piedmont.
1895: The FA Cup disappears from William Shilcock’s sporting goods store in Birmingham, where it was displayed by the management of trophy-holders Aston Villa. The cup will not be found and the team will be forced to pay the £25 fee. Years later a prisoner, Harry Barndge, will confess that he had stolen it and melted it down to make counterfeit coins.
1905: In the US, a tragic accident occurs on New York’s 9th Avenue when an aerial railway falls, killing 12 people.
1911: The battleship “Georgios Averof” sinks to Faliro. It is received by the Greeks with enthusiasm, in a frenzied welcome from all the boats in the area, which are full of people.
1920: The Greek Parliament is dissolved, martial law is lifted and elections are announced for October 25.
1922: The Asia Minor Disaster brings the revolt of the Army and Navy in Chios and Mytilene. The “Revolutionary Committee” is formed by colonels Nikolaos Plastiras, as the representative of the Army of Chios, Stylianos Gonatas, as the representative of the Army of Lesbos, and vice-captain Dimitrios Fokas, as the representative of the Navy.
1922: The Allies agree not to allow the Turks to control the Dardanelles.
1922: The Treaty of Kars is ratified in Yerevan, Armenia.
1926: In Rome, eight bystanders are injured in a failed assassination attempt on Italy’s dictator, Benito Mussolini.
1938: After 2,000 years, performances resume in the ancient theater of Epidaurus, with “Electra” by Sophocles.
1940: In London, the Germans attack Buckingham Palace, but without threatening the royal family, in the context of World War II.
1941: Charles Lindbergh in a speech accuses the British, the Jews and the administration of Franklin Roosevelt of leading the United States of America into war with Germany.
1941: Work begins on the construction of the US Pentagon.
1943: During World War II, the Wehrmacht occupies Corsica and Kosovo.
1943: The Nazis begin the liquidation of the ghetto in Minsk.
1944: The British Royal Air Force bombs Darmstadt with a death toll of over 12,500.
1961: The first office of the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) opens in Switzerland.
1964: The vernacular is established in education, during the prime ministership of George Papandreou.
1973: A military coup in Chile led by General Augusto Pinochet and aided and abetted by the US, overthrows the democratically elected socialist president, Salvador Allende. The junta will last 17 years.
1989: The heroine of the National Resistance, Lela Karagianni, is honored with the transfer of her bones to an imposing monument in the First Cemetery of Athens.
1997: Scotland votes in a referendum on the re-establishment of its Parliament, after 290 years of union with England.
2001: In the US, two passenger planes under the control of terrorists they crash into the Twin Towers of the World Trade Center in New York, collapsing after 63 and 100 minutes respectively. Another plane crashes into the Pentagon and another crashes in Pennsylvania. The toll is about 3,000 dead and 3,000 wounded.
2004: A Chinook military helicopter crashes in Porto Koufos, off Sithonia, while flying to Mount Athos. The patriarch of Alexandria and all Africa, Petros, as well as 15 other people, are killed. The accident causes a political confrontation between the government and the opposition, mainly regarding the existence or non-existence of political responsibility.
2020: Japan and the UK reach an interim free trade deal, which British Trade Secretary Liz Truss hails as the UK’s “first major post-Brexit trade deal”.
2021: A shootout between militias and Myanmar security forces results in the death of 20 people. The battle broke out after the militias called for armed resistance against the military regime.
1524 – Pierre de Ronchard, French poet
1611 – Henri de La Tour d’Auvergne, French field marshal
1724 – Johann Bazento, German educator and writer
1816 – Carl Zeiss, German optician
1877 – Felix Dzerzhinsky, Russian revolutionary and politician
1885 – D. H. Lawrence, English writer
1899 – Philipp Buhler, German Nazi official
1903 – Theodor Adorno, German philosopher and sociologist
1914 – Patriarch of Belgrade Pavlos
1917 – Herbert Lom, Czech actor
1935 – Arvo Pert, Estonian composer
1940 – Non Duc Manch, Vietnamese politician
1965 – Moby, American DJ, singer, songwriter and musician
1970 – Matt Damon, American actor
1975 – Pierre Issa, South African footballer
1976 – Flora Redoumi, Greek athlete
1978 – Pablo Contreras, Chilean soccer player
1978 – Dejan Stankovic, Serbian footballer
1979 – Eric Abidal, French soccer player
1980 – Antonio Pizzonia, Brazilian racing driver
1161 – Melissanthi, Queen of Jerusalem
1298 – Philip of Artois, French nobleman
1349 – Bonne of Luxembourg, Duchess of Normandy
1733 – François Couperin, French composer
1823 – David Ricardo, Anglo-Jewish economist
1971 – Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev, Soviet politician
1973 – Salvador Allende, president of Chile and physician
1986 – Panagiotis Kanellopoulos, Greek intellectual and politician
1986 – Panagiotis Tzannetakis, Greek journalist and politician
1994 – Aleka Katseli, Greek actress and dancer
1994 – Jessica Tandy, English actress
2003 – Anna Lind, Swedish politician
2004 – Peter VII, Patriarch of Alexandria
2006 – Peter Klentzos, American athlete
2008 – Vera Zavicianou, Greek actress
2009 – Juan Almeida Vosque, Cuban politician
2012 – Christopher Stevens, American lawyer and diplomat
2014 – Joachim Fuchsberger, German actor and presenter
2014 – Antoine Duhamel, French composer and conductor
2019 – B.J. Habibie, 3rd President of Indonesia
Source: News Beast
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