During a session of the United Nations (UN) Security Council this Friday (4), the Brazilian ambassador, Ronaldo Costa Filho, expressed concern about the military conflict in Ukraine, in particular the takeover of the Zaporizhzhia nuclear plant, and said that the Council fails to address the reduction of hostilities and ceasefire.
“While we express great concern about the events, we cannot ignore the role that the Council should play, but is not playing in the current situation,” said Costa Filho.
“A series of meetings were held, and it seems that no matter how many public meetings we call, a ceasefire and an end to all hostilities still remain an elusive solution. This is not a paradox, rather it is a failure of the Council to act constructively in addressing this topic.”
The ambassador also said that a humanitarian catastrophe “of epic proportions” is taking place, with the possibility of a nuclear incident “of considerable proportions”.
“This is yet another reason for the international community to call for a ceasefire. The total reduction of military actions should have already happened. The provisions of humanitarian and international law must be fully respected. The safety of millions of people is at stake,” she pointed out.
Still on the takeover of the Zaporizhzhia plant, he recalled Article 56 of the Geneva Convention, which “also mentions military objectives located in the vicinity or at nuclear facilities”. Thus, he urged that actions not be taken that put nuclear materials at risk.
Finally, Costa Filho asked that the parties involved promote dialogue and an environment conducive to democracy: “This is not the time to inflame the rhetoric even more, on the contrary, we must promote peace”.
understand the conflict
After months of military escalation and intemperance on the Ukrainian border, Russia attacked the Eastern European country. At dawn this Thursday (24), Russian forces began to bomb several regions of the country – follow the repercussion live on CNN.
Hours earlier, Russian President Vladimir Putin authorized a “special military operation” in the Donbas region (eastern Ukraine, where the breakaway regions of Luhansk and Donetsk are located, which he recognized as independent).
What followed, however, was an attack on almost the entire Ukrainian territory, with explosions in several cities, including the capital Kiev. According to Ukrainian officials, dozens of deaths have been confirmed in the armies of both countries.
In his speech before the attack, Putin justified the action by saying that Russia could not “tolerate threats from Ukraine”. Putin urged Ukrainian soldiers to “put down your weapons and go home”. The Russian leader further stated that he will not accept any kind of foreign interference.
This attack on the former Soviet neighbor threatens to destabilize Europe and involve the United States.
Russia has been tightening its military grip around Ukraine for the past year, amassing tens of thousands of troops, equipment and artillery at the country’s gates. In recent weeks, diplomatic efforts to defuse tensions have been unsuccessful.
The escalation in the years-long conflict between Russia and Ukraine has set off the continent’s biggest security crisis since the Cold War, raising the specter of a dangerous confrontation between Western powers and Moscow.
(with information from Reuters and CNN International)
Source: CNN Brasil