The federal government published last night on Monday (8) a decree that regulates the Auxílio Brasil, a social program that should replace Bolsa Família.
With an average value of R$ 217.18 per month (adjustment of 17.84%), the new program maintains the so-called basic nucleus of Bolsa Família, but adds six other rules.
In addition, it updates the cutoff values for extreme poverty and poverty groups. The average income value of the first ranges from R$89 to R$100. From the second, R$178 to R$200.
The government expects to pay an average benefit of R$ 400 as of December and expand the number of families benefited from 14.6 million to 17 million families, which represents around 50 million Brazilians, or a quarter of the population.
This expansion, however, still depends on the funding source.
See the rules of the new program:
- Early childhood: called by the government of first childhood, the benefit is aimed at families with children aged three years old, with a value of R$ 130 per child. Limit of five benefits per family.
- Family composition: includes young people up to 21 years old who are not yet enrolled in public schools. Monthly payment of R$65 per member. This rule also covers pregnant women, and the limit is five benefits per family.
- Overcoming extreme poverty: for families that are below the poverty line – whose monthly income is less than R$ 100, the government provides assistance that reaches this monthly income. In this case, beneficiaries do not need to fulfill the first two requirements. The minimum amount is R$25 per member.
- School Sports Allowance: R$100 monthly; with a single portion per family, and intended for students aged 12 to 17 years old.
- Junior Scientific Initiation Scholarship: R$100 monthly; being a single portion per family, and for students who perform well in academic and scientific competitions
- Child Citizen Allowance: R$200 for families with children enrolled in part-time and R$300 for families enrolled in full-time; benefit for families who have not found a place in public or private day care centers
- Rural Productive Inclusion Aid: R$ 200 monthly; for 36 months to family farmers
- Urban Productive Inclusion Aid: R$ 200 monthly; for those on the Auxílio Brasil payroll and proof of employment
- Transition Compensatory Benefit’, which consists of values that seek to help families that had some reduction in benefit due to the new structure of the project.
Who will receive?
All families, according to the government, who are registered to receive Bolsa Família will have their data automatically included in the Auxílio Brasil benefits system, that is, without having to register again.
If the beneficiaries of the old program have an increase in family income that exceeds up to two and a half times the poverty line (R$ 200 per person), this group will remain in Auxílio Brasil for 24 months, before being excluded.
The payment schedule for the new benefits will follow that of the old program.
According to the Ministry of Citizenship, 14.6 million families will receive the aid. The government promises to reach 17 million by the end of the year.
How is the government going to fund Brazil Aid?
This is the main question that haunts the center of Brasília this week.
PEC 23/2021, or PEC dos Precatório, is the government’s main bet to fund the new project, as it aims to make room in the budget as it postpones payment of precatório (government debt) and changes the calculation of the spending ceiling .
If the text is approved, the 2022 budget will have an increase of R$ 91.6 billion for new expenses.
“With this, the waiting list of people registered in the Cadastro Único will be zeroed. [CadÚnico] and qualified for the program”, says the Ministry of Citizenship, in a note.
Reference: CNN Brasil