Center-left candidate Luis Inacio Lula da Silva was elected on Sunday new president of Brazil, announced the national electoral commission, the Supreme Electoral Court (TSE). Here are the most important dates in the life of the emblematic leader of the Brazilian center-left Luis Inacio Lula da Silva:
October 27, 1945: The seventh of eight children of a family of impoverished farmers in northeastern Brazil is born. To escape hunger, the family settles, when he is seven years old, in the state of São Paulo.
1975: He becomes president of a miners’ union, a sector where he has been a worker since he was 14 years old.
1978-1980: He leads the big strikes in the industrial districts, in the midst of a military dictatorship. He is imprisoned for 31 days.
1980: He is a founding member of the Workers’ Party (PT, left). He participates in 1983 in the establishment of the central confederation of workers (CUT).
2003: He becomes the first president of Brazil who belongs to the working class. He was re-elected in 2006 for another four years. Thanks to its social programs, almost 30 million manage to escape poverty, but inequalities remain very large.
2005: She is released from the leadership of the PT, following accusations about her his involvement in corruption scandals.
March 2016: Corruption judge Serzou Mourou orders his home to be searched, a humiliation for Lula, who is then prevented from becoming minister by his dolphin, Jilmas Houssef, who eventually steps down from office in August.
July 12, 2017: Judge Mourou sentences Lula to nine years and six months in prison for corruption and money laundering. He is accused of receiving a beachfront apartment in exchange for awarding public works contracts to a construction company.
January 24, 2018: Court of Appeal rejects his appeal and imposes on him an even heavier penalty, imprisonment of 12 years and one month.
April 4, 2018: The Supreme Court rejects a last-ditch appeal by Lula’s defense lawyers to prevent his imprisonment. The order for his imprisonment is issued by the justice the next day.
April 7, 2018: Locked up for two days in the offices of the miners’ union in San Bernardo do Campo, near São Paulo, surrounded by a crowd of supporters, he ends up surrendering to the authorities and transferred to prison in Curicimba (south), in the holding cells inside the federal police facilities.
August 15, 2018: Lula’s candidacy in the presidential election is officially presented by the PT. He is the big favorite in the polls, reports APE-MPE, citing AFP.
August 31, 2018: The Supreme Electoral Court (TSE) annuls Lula’s candidacy for a third term. He is being replaced by Fernando Adaji’s vice-presidential candidate and watched helplessly from prison as the far-right candidate, Jáich Bolsonaro, won on October 28.
November 8, 2019: Lula is released from prison to the cheers of thousands of his supporters. The day before, members of the Supreme Court decided, by a narrow majority, to overturn a court order under which someone can be jailed after their first conviction by an appeals court, while further appeals are still possible, which was the case in the case of the former president .
March 8, 2021: Federal High Court judge Eidson Fakin has — single-handedly — ordered his corruption convictions to be overturned, a development that means he is now in a position to face Jair Bolsonaro in the 2022 presidential election, although he has not yet been acquitted. The decision is ratified by the other members at the April 15th plenary session.
June 23, 2021: The Supreme Court rules that Judge Mourou was “biased” in Lula’s trial.
April 28, 2022: The UN Human Rights Commission concludes that the investigation and prosecution of Lula violated his right to a fair trial.
May 7, 2022: Lula announces his candidacy for the presidency, for the sixth time, with Geraldo Alcmin (center-right) as his running mate, whom he defeated in the second round in 2006.
May 18, 2022: Lula marries a second time, to Jozangela da Silva, also known as “Zanza”, a sociologist and PT activist, 21 years his junior.
October 2, 2022: He is in first place in the presidential election, garnering 48% of the vote, compared to 43% of the outgoing far-right president Jáich Bolsonaro.
October 30th: He is elected to a third term as president of Brazil, beating Mr. Bolsonaro by less than two points in the second round.
Source: News Beast
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