The Spanish ceramic sector, whose production is based on more than 90% in the province of Castellón, is crucial for tax collection in Spain. The industry contributes one of every 217 euros collected by the Tax Agency, with a global amount that is close to 1,000 million euros.
Specifically, the figure stands at 982 million euros, which represents a third of the total exports of the sector, according to the data collected in the report on the Socio-economic and fiscal Impact of the ceramic tiles and pavements sector that the Ascer tile employer plans to present in Madrid shortly.
Besides, the Ceramic represents 0.5% of the total income of the Tax Agency in the national group, which shows that it is a essential activity for the creation of wealth and employment in the country as a whole.
It is enough to show some equivalences of the amount represented by the tax collection of the ceramic sector to show the impact of these companies on the whole of the national territory. The amount of 982 million euros of the tax collection of the ceramic sector is equivalent to 14% of the investment in R + D + i contemplated in the General State Budgets (PGE). In addition, the amount collected by the Treasury among the ceramic companies is 56 times greater than the investment destined to Climate Change and Environmental Quality in the Budgets of the Generalitat Valenciana.
Another data that shows the importance of the contribution of this industry is that the 982 million euros contributed in tax collection are 1.2 times higher than the budget of the Valencia City Council, as set out in the report carried out by Ascer and PwC EspaÃ ± a under the agreement signed with the Generalitat Valenciana.
The report that shows the crucial importance of the Spanish ceramic sector is even more relevant in the face of a context of global crisis generated by the pandemic such as the current one. For this reason, the three associations of the ceramic cluster, the azulejera Ascer, the one with enamels and frits ANFFECC and the machinery Asebec influence that from the Government concerns, threats and challenges are addressed those faced by industrial activity of the ceramic sector.
In addition, the employers of the ceramic sector request that the voice of the industry be heard and appreciated in Brussels, where decisions are made and regulations are developed on which the survival of companies and the competitiveness of the industry depend.
Among the issues that concern the ceramic sector, the defense of the competitiveness of companies Spaniards compared to international competitors and the main factors that contribute to this loss of competitiveness such as the end of the remuneration system for cogeneration, the National Fund for the Sustainability of the Electric System (FNSSE), the ctrade in broadcasting rights, the energy costs or European regulations.
In addition, the employers’ associations emphasize aspects such as promoting the role of the industry as a pole of attraction for employment and the importance of promoting the training and proliferation of underwriters.
But not only are there demands on the part of the ceramic sector. At the health level, the cluster makes available of the Public Administrations its facilities for an eventual mass vaccination and highlights the importance of vaccinating its international workers as an instrument to reactivate consumption and provide guarantees for international activity.
Another issue that concerns the sector is the MDIs (expressions of interest) in which the ceramic has been presented and that will allow qualify for the European Funds for investment projects and modernization of companies in the medium term.
Among the projects presented, the priority is to address the great challenge faced by the industry in the face of the harsh demands of decarbonization of the production processes stipulated by the European Commission and the Spanish Government.
In fact, despite the efforts that the industry is making, nowadays, there are no energy alternatives that allow substituting natural gas in the production process, highlighted by the Ascer employer, which considers that power options existing ones still need to mature and they will take at least more than ten years to become a reality.
Data from the ceramic sector show that the industry is crucial as a growth driver and lever for Spain’s economic recovery.
THE CLASSTER GROWTH LEVER
- START. The ceramic industry represents 14.4% of the industrial GDP of the Valencian Community and accounts for more than 20% of the total GDP of the province of Castellón.
- TRACTOR EFFECT. The cluster has a very important driving and multiplying effect, since for every euro of direct GDP of the sector it contributes 2.1 of additional GDP to the economy of Spain.
- JOB. Furthermore, the ceramic sector represents 11.6% of industrial employment in the Community and 17.9% of total employment in the province. The industry directly employs 15,800 people, has 60,000 workers in its production phase and 100,000, including the distribution, marketing and installation phase. For each direct job, it contributes 2.8 additional jobs.
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