Two weeks before COP 28, 61 Brazilian organizations came together to demand that the federal government present a schedule for the gradual elimination of fossil fuels by 2050.
Led by the Climate Observatory, the group calls for an international agreement to be reached during the conference. The intention is for countries to commit to meeting dates and targets for reducing fossil fuel production. For organizations, this form of “dirty energy” is the main cause of global warming.
“You only need to see the climate crisis unfold in 2023 to understand that there is no longer room to continue exploring fossil fuels. So the idea is for Brazil to take the lead in this entire discussion. Brazil can and should take on this role of calling on other countries to debate this agreement”, stated Suely Araújo, senior specialist in Public Policy at the Climate Observatory.
The joint position of the 61 Brazilian organizations was announced in a press conference this Thursday (16). According to the organizers, the document with the demands will be sent to Planalto, Itamaraty and the Ministry of the Environment so that the government can present the goals at COP 28.
The 28th Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change — COP 28 — will take place between November 30 and December 12 in Dubai, in the United Arab Emirates.
Demands and goals
The organizations’ objective is for the production of fossil fuels to be eliminated by 2050. For the goals, the group wants a reduction of at least 43% in the exploration and burning of fossil fuels by 2030, and 60% by 2035.
In addition to the schedule, they call for economic mechanisms to support less developed countries and greater accountability for richer countries. To this end, it is suggested that a global tax be paid on the profits of large oil companies, which would be used to help other nations that have difficulty adapting to climate change.
“Another important and constant point in the document is the issue of delimiting the areas excluded from the production of fossil fuels. In our understanding, the Amazon has to be at the top of this list”, said Suely Araújo.
Power generation options in Brazil
The former director of the National Electric System Operator (ONS) and president of the National Energy Consumers Front, Luiz Eduardo Barata, participated in the press conference and spoke about the national energy scenario.
According to the engineer, the Brazilian electricity sector does not need to use fossil fuels to generate energy. “We have a particular situation in the world because we have all the other sources available. We have hydroelectric, wind and solar plants”, stated Luiz Eduardo Barata.
For the former director, this scenario demonstrates that Brazil is capable of “quickly stopping” the elimination of fossil fuels for the generation of electrical energy. “But what we have seen, in fact, is a contrary movement”, he added.
Source: CNN Brasil
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