It is the individual regions that establish the order of vaccinations in their territories, but within a national vaccination plan which is divided into phases. The first to get vaccinated will be health workers and older people. Vaccination is free and guaranteed to all, not mandatory.
For now in Italy only the vaccine is available Pfizer, of which about 470 thousand doses arrive a week. Between today and tomorrow the approval of the European and Italian pharmaceutical agencies should also arrive for the Moderna serum.
The longer the times for the vaccine AstraZeneca that Britain has already administered and Mexico just approved. The European Agency should not give the green light before the end of the month and will probably only do so for those under the age of 55 because the experimentation was carried out mainly on subjects of this age group. In the world there are 59 vaccines in trial including Italian Reithera which is not expected to see approval before September.
This is the vaccination plan for Italy:
PHASE 1 FROM JANUARY TO MARCH
In these first months, both public and private health and social health workers working in affiliated structures are the first to be vaccinated. With them it is the turn of residents and staff of senior homes. To these are added the over eighty. The categories concerned are 5% of the Italian population. However, there are local differences. Emilia-Romagna started doctors, nurses and residents of the RSA in parallel. Other regions do all medical personnel first. Tuscany is also vaccinating the medical graduates who are in the wards, among them the first Italian athlete, Matteo Restivo, the blue swimmer studying at the University of Florence, received the first dose.
PHASE 2 FROM APRIL TO JUNE
It gets to cover 15% of Italians in this second phase. It’s up to people aged 60 to 79, to people of all ages (children under 16 are excluded from the vaccine) who have chronic diseases, immunodeficiencies or disabilities. Hence the population considered at risk of serious illness and the school staff.
PHASE 3 FROM JULY TO SEPTEMBER
This phase covers the 50% of Italians. The vaccination of school staff ends and that of essential service workers begins. It is vaccinated in prisons and community places. It is then up to people of all ages who suffer from more moderate pathologies.
PHASE 4 FROM OCTOBER TO DECEMBER
Coverage should come to 90% of Italians including all the excluded population. Children under the age of 16 are always out of the plan and await further vaccine studies.