The Council of Ministers has approved the bill on thedifferentiated autonomy, developed by the Minister for Regional Affairs, Roberto Calderoli. According to the minister “a necessary reform to renew and modernize Italy, in the name of efficiency, development and responsibility”. The minister, therefore centralism has only brought about inequalities, explained that “Italy is a train that can run if there are regions that drive it and others that increase their speed, in a perspective of cohesion”. With this reform, each Region agrees with the central government on the autonomy, being able to directly manage matters and resources.
“No Region will be left behind,” assures Maria Elisabetta Alberti Casellati, Minister for Institutional Reforms and Regulatory Simplification. “Historical day, it is not the end but the beginning of a journey”, according to the governor of Veneto, Luca Zaia.
The leader of the M5S Giuseppe Conte is of the opposite opinion: «The patriot Meloni pays Salvini the tax to keep him in the majority. We must oppose this project of autonomy especially on school and health ». For Carlo Calenda it is a joke: «This stuff arrives in parliament in 6 months. But they approve it in a hurry and badly the week before the regional elections ». Stefano Bonaccini, president of Emilia Romagna and candidate for the Pd secretariat, reiterated: “The Calderoli draft on differentiated autonomy is inadmissible and we are ready to mobilize because it has not been shared with the Conference of Regions”. What’s in the bill?
State and regions do not agree forever. The agreement with which the State attributes functions of differentiated autonomy to a Region has a duration «not exceeding ten years». The agreement is always editable. Both the State and the Region can request the termination of the agreement «deliberated by law with an absolute majority of the Chambers».
Upon expiry of the term, the agreement is understood to be renewed for an equal period, unless the State or the Region wishes otherwise, expressed at least six months before the expiry.
The Chambers act as guarantors and have sixty days to examine the agreement between the Region and the State for the attribution of new functions. The assessment of the agreement is up to the Ministry of the Economy and the ministers responsible for the matter. The final agreement scheme must be approved by the Region, then within 30 days it is approved by the Council of Ministers.
Essential levels of performance
The so-called Lep, the minimum levels of services that must be guaranteed in all Regions, must remain unchanged. «If, after the date of entry into force of the law approving the agreement, in matters covered by the same, the LEPs, with the relative financing, are modified or further ones are determined, the Region concerned is required to comply with these essential levels subject to the corresponding revision of the resources relating to the aforementioned LEPs”.
“The Presidency of the Council of Ministers-Department for Regional Affairs and Autonomies, the Ministry of Economy and Finance or the Region may, even jointly, order checks on specific profiles or sectors of activity covered by the agreement with reference to the guarantee the achievement of the essential levels of performance, as well as the monitoring of the same and to this end they agree on the operating methods”. The Joint State-Region Commission assesses financial compatibility.
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Source: Vanity Fair
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