Dollar operates higher with greater aversion to risks and Ukraine and Petrobras on the radar

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O dollar rises against the real this Friday (18), following the movement abroad with less optimistic investors about the negotiations between Ukraine and Russia. The greater aversion to risk leads to the search for the US currency.

In Brazil, the market remains attentive to the possible change in Petrobras’ presidency and in the state-owned company’s pricing policywhich would not be well received.

At around 9:19 am, the dollar rose 0.36%, quoted at R$5.052. The first-maturity currency futures contract traded on B3 advanced 0.23% to R$5.050.

On Thursday (17), the dollar fell by 1.07%, quoted at R$ 5.037. already the Ibovespa rose 1.77% to 113,076.33 points.

interest decisions

On Wednesday, the central banks of Brazil and the United States defined the variations in their interest rates. Brazilian interest rates maintained the high cycle and were at 11.75% per year, while the North American ones would start the first cycle of increase since 2018, staying between 0.25% and 0.50% per year.

The Federal Reserve statement, and the mayor’s press conference, Jerome Powell, after the decision, was seen as tougher than expected by the market. At the press conference, Powell signaled that the Fed may intensify the predicted pace of high depending on the inflationary situation in the United States.

However, the actions taken at the meeting followed what was expected by the market, without major surprises, which helped to maintain investment flows that already priced the high this week.

In Brazil, the Monetary Policy Committee (Copom) also followed what was expected by the market. The big news came in the post-meeting communiqué, in which the committee indicated that should make a new rise of 1 percentage point at the May meeting.

The indication comes as investors and economists raise their forecasts for the Selic rate at the end of 2022 due to new inflationary pressures with the war in Ukraine. The expectation now is that interest rates will end the year at 13%, maintaining a strong differential between Brazilian and North American interest rates, which favors the real.

commodities

The situation in Ukraine may favor the real, which inaugurated a cycle of investment migration in 2022 to markets linked to commodities and seen as cheap, such as Brazil – also helped by the high interest rates in the country, stimulating the search for the dollar.

On the other hand, the rise in commodities itself may favor the Brazilian market, in a game of positive and negative pressures that still favors the real so far.

The cycle is linked, in part, to the rise in oil and iron ore prices due to high demand amid the economic recovery. The prospect of higher interest rates in the United States also fueled this migration, with the departure of US variable income.

Another factor behind this movement is expectations of more pro-growth measures in the China that are raising hopes of a recovery in demand for metals, which has led to higher prices, reinforced by the crisis in Ukraine.

However, interventions by the Chinese government in the market and a new outbreak of covid-19 in the country with lockdowns have generated downward pressures, in an up and down in the price.

Petroleum

Since the invasion of Ukraine by Russia on the 24th of February, the markets for Petroleum show the highest volatility in two years, with commodity prices reaching levels last seen in 2008.

The movement of the last few days, however, was one of retreat, but the Brent type still hovering around US$ 105, with fears of difficulties for Russia, one of the world’s biggest exporters, to meet the demand for oil. Still, some investors say concerns about supply disruption have been overblown.

Compared to previous years, oil remains at high values, due to the mismatch between supply and demand for the commodity, with the main producers, gathered in OPEC+, still not resuming pre-pandemic production levels. The picture was intensified with the tensions in europe.

Another consequence of the rise in oil is the rise in fuel prices. In Brazil, this accelerated the approval of bills that seek to contain the rise in fuel prices.

War in Ukraine

Follow CNN’s live coverage of the conflict.

As Russia continues to attack Ukraine’s major cities, including the capital Kiev and the city of Mariupol, the two countries are trying to negotiate a possible peaceful end to the conflict. Leaders of the two countries have cited progress in the negotiations, with the idea of ​​Ukrainian “neutrality” towards NATO emerging as a key point in the discussions.

From an economic point of view, the main event involving the conflict is the series of sanctions announced by the United States and its Western allies.

On Tuesday (15), the countries of the European Union announced new sanctions against Russia, which saw its currency, the ruble, plummet and reach a historic low. This time, the targets were energy, steel and defense sectors.

At the same time, the US President Joe Biden, confirmed in a press conference the approval of the financing project that $13.6 billion to Ukraine and allies in the war.

THE expulsion of Russian banks from Swifta global payments system, and the freezing of reserves by the central bank of Russia were also other sanctions taken in recent weeks.

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*With information from Reuters

Source: CNN Brasil

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