Political life in France has entered a phase of all kinds of intra-party and inter-party consultations in view of the June parliamentary elections. The main issue in this election is whether the winner of the presidential election, Emanuel Macron, will continue to rule with control of the French National Assembly for another five years, or whether he will lose it, whenever he will have to co-rule with a prime minister compatible with the parliamentary majority. In France, the president has almost absolute responsibility for foreign and defense affairs, but his powers over internal affairs are relatively limited.
The political consultations between parties and individuals take place against the background of the electoral system of the parliamentary elections, which in France differs significantly from that of the presidential elections. There are 577 single-member constituencies, two rounds per district – if no one wins the absolute majority in the first – but only the first two do not make it to the second round. Those who exceed 12.5% of the registered voters, ie of the electorate and not of the voters, also pass. The winner of the second round is the first in votes.
With the abstention traditionally large in the French parliamentary elections, this system is overwhelmingly in favor of the first party. In today’s National Assembly, for example, Macron controls 350 of the 577 deputies, Melanson 17 and Le Pen 6.
Based on the results of the first round of the presidential election, Emanuel Macron did come first with 28% of the vote, but about 30% of French people voted for far-right candidates and even more leftists.
Given this, in the last few days the consultations of the parties of the left for a joint descent in the elections are intensifying, under the leadership of the great winner in this area, of course, Jean-Luc Melanson. The discussions are currently problematic since, in addition to the leadership, Melanson’s “Unruly France” party also seeks absolute political hegemony, despite the differences of opinion that have always existed, mainly with the Ecologists and the Socialists.
Former Socialist President of France François Hollande today came out in complete opposition to the shrinking Socialist Party’s cooperation with the Disobedient France, warning that if that happened, the Socialist Party would disintegrate. From the same area, the former minister of Mitterrand Jean-Pierre Sevenemann also supported Macron yesterday, Wednesday, as well as the last socialist prime minister of France, Emanuel Valls. Similar objections to the cooperation with Melanson’s party exist in the field of Ecologists, primarily in terms of policy towards the EU, where Melanson proposes “disobedience” of France to the so-called European acquis. In the face of such reactions, Melanson appeared today ready to add water to his wine, declaring that he did not want absolute hegemony and that he was proposing a co-operation of parties, federal or even federal.
On the other hand, in the area of the Far Right, things are also difficult. Marin Le Pen does not seem willing to work with Eric Zemour, who has even recruited her niece and the granddaughter of the party’s founder, Marion Marshall, to persuade her. However, Marin Le Pen hints that all she is giving is some seats in a limited number of Zemour’s political friends, many of whom are already hinting that they are interested.
Finally, Emanuel Macron, certainly having an eye on the consultations of his opponents, is preparing to present the new prime minister and the new government that, according to circles in the Presidential Palace, will have people who are considered capable of dealing with the environmental and social issues that plague the country. Information from the French media speaks of executives of leftist and ecological origin. Today, however, Macron will chair, probably for the last time, the cabinet with Prime Minister Jean Castex.
I am Derek Black, an author of World Stock Market. I have a degree in creative writing and journalism from the University of Central Florida. I have a passion for writing and informing the public. I strive to be accurate and fair in my reporting, and to provide a voice for those who may not otherwise be heard.