At 6:15 pm Matteo Renzi announced the withdrawal of his ministers from the government. At this moment, with this crisis, explains Matteo Renzi, «it is essential to solve the problems. You have to be responsible. We did not open the political crisis. Democracy is not a reality show. Democratic rules must be respected, it cannot be postponed again ”.
Then he reiterated «unshakable trust in the President of the Republic and in the institutional role he holds“. And on the outcome of the crisis he explained: “We have no prejudices on the name of Conte or on the formulas, the only stake is that we will never go to the government with the sovereign and populist forces of the right”.
Green light therefore to a government with the same majority, but also to the hypothesis of an institutional government, without excluding “going to the opposition”.
On the Recovery Plan Renzi spoke of “important steps forward”. But «a big problem remains, why don’t you take the Mes? Mes means more funds for health care, not taking them for an ideological reason is inexplicable, irresponsible ».
Contemeanwhile, today met the President of the Republic, Mattarella, who asked the premier to “Get out of the state of uncertainty as soon as possible”. An invitation to hurry up, to move, not to waste any more time, quickly unlocking the situation to return to ocaddress the alarming situation caused by the pandemic.
In short, the crisis has begun. Giuseppe Conte does not rule out a challenge in Parliament.
What happens now?
Prime Minister Conte said that if the leader of Italia Viva starts the crisis there will be no possibility for his party to join a new executive. Count Ter with new names in the ministries would therefore not be a hypothesis.
The vote remains standing, which would probably lead to the reversal of the current majority in favor of the center-right and a slowdown in government activity in the middle of the pandemic, an institutional or purpose government O the search for votes in Parliament for new support for the premier.
According to Renzi this is the path that Conte will choose. «I think Conte will replace the ministers of Italy alive and then he will go to the Chambers to ask for trust. I don’t know if he will go to the Quirinale first, however when he has new ministers he will make the parliamentary passage ».
The most frantic maneuvers are obviously around to the mixed group of the Senate, where there are some former of the center-right, from Romans to the senators of Cambiamo who refer to Toti, and also to some Renzians now worried that their leader’s strategy will lead them to elections from which they would not get out alive (remember that the parliamentary cut would trigger).
The approved Recovery Plan
There are 172 pages containing the spending programs proposed by the Italian government. It is the Recovery Plan, the plan that Italy will present to the European Commission to ask for the 209 billion euros destined for our country between loans and transfers in the period 2021-2026, part of the Next generation Eu project to relaunch the Union after the pandemic.
The plan was approved by Cabinet in the night with the abstention of the two ministers of Italia Viva. The first draft presented dates back to 7 December, but, since then, many things have changed also due to the pressures and requests for adjustments also arrived from within the majority (here is part of the split between Renzi and Conte).
In the draft of 29 December there were only 196 billion of the Recovery fund in the strict sense, but, for the requests, part of the Cohesion Development Fund and 13 billion of the React Eu for the Covid emergency were added. In addition, about 7 billion of European structural funds and 80 billion of resources programmed for 2021-26 from the national budget have arrived. The total is 310 billion.
The requests to Europe are divided into 6 chapters: the Green Revolution (68.9 billion), Digitization, Infrastructure, Education and research, Inclusion and cohesion and Health. The Health chapter originally had only 9 billion, a figure that has displeased everyone, now it is 20.7. Of these, 7.9 are destined for local assistance and telemedicine and 12.8 for innovation, research and digitization.
Among the most substantial loans there is the one for Digitization, Innovation, competitiveness and culture: 46.2 billion, 8 of which go to the tourism sector. There are 6 billion for “enhancement of the territory and energy efficiency of the municipalities” and a part goes to high-speed rail, especially in the South.
28.5 billion are planned for the education and research sector. 16.7 billion go to “Enhancement of skills e right to studyAnd a part is dedicated to the sector “From research to business”. There are 27.6 billion for the “Inclusion and cohesion” chapter, 12.6 of which must be dedicated to employment policies.
The resources should be used 70% for investments. The estimated objective is an increase in GDP of three points more until 2026. Instead, the resources reserved for incentives, bonuses and micro-projects have decreased. There are, for now, the names and surnames of those who will manage these funds. «The government», the text says, «will present a model of governance which identifies the responsibility for the implementation of the Plan, guarantees coordination with the competent ministers at the national level and other levels of government, and monitors the progress of expenditure ».
The Mes, i European Stability Mechanism, otherwise known as the Save States Fund. The Renzians wanted Europe to be requested to have additional resources, the other parts of the majority are not of the same opinion with the Minister of Economy Gualtieri specifying that no new funds would arrive. Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte closed the discussion by saying that “the Mes is not included in the Next Generation so this is not the place to face a discussion on this point”.