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June 2, what is celebrated today?

Italian women voted for the first time on 2 June 1946 when voters chose between monarchy and republic. This day is Republic Day. On the 77th anniversary of the referendum, the Quirinale opens up to people with frailties. In the morning appointment at the altar of the fatherland and military parade at the Imperial Forums.


On June 2 and 3, 1946, a choice had to be made between monarchy and republic. The birth of the Italian Republic passed through that popular vote, the first in our country with universal suffrage. Italians were called upon to vote on what form of government they wanted after the fall of fascism and the end of World War II.

The republic won over the monarchy with two million more votes (12,717,923 votes against 10,719,284 in favor of the monarchical form) and there was the consequent exile of the Savoy with the departure of King Umberto II on 13 June. In the North the republic prevailed, in the South there were more votes for the monarchy.

The Incom week’s news kept by the Istituto Luce told it like this: «Wednesday 5 June. After hours of perplexity, the first results of the referendum are starting to appear in the extraordinary editions. Italy is a Republic… The correspondents of newspapers from all over the world are gathered around the table where Minister Romita broadcasts the semi-official announcement on the radio. We have the votes of 34,112 sections out of 35,320. The Republic has two million votes ahead».

The vote

On the same voting days, theConstituent Assembly, who had the task of writing the new constitution. The Christian Democrats, the first party with 35.2%, the Italian Communist Party and the Italian Socialist Party were mainly represented in the Assembly. The presidency went to Giuseppe Saragat. Among the elected 21 women. Provisional President of the Republic the liberal jurist Enrico De Nicola.

on the day of the party

The Republic Day was celebrated for the first time on June 2, 1948 with the parade of military forces in Rome. Only once was it not done in the capital. It was 1961 and in Turin the 100th anniversary of national unity was also celebrated. It was hit by the crisis of the seventies: from 1977 to 2001 the celebration was moved to the first Sunday of the month to save money by avoiding a midweek party. June 2 returned to being a public holiday with a law of 2000. In 2020 the President of the Republic went to Codogno, in the Lodi area, the first area in Italy to be affected by Covid. In 2021 the concert by the Santa Cecilia Orchestra and the performance of Roberto Bolle at the Quirinale with first the usual homage to the altar of the homeland. In 2022 the military parade returned and the Quirinale was opened to people with frailties.

June 2, 2023

The President of the Republic on Thursday 2 June, at 9.15, in the presence of the highest institutional offices, will pay homage to the Altare della Patria with the deposition of a laurel wreath with tricolor ribbon. Subsequently he will receive, in Via di San Gregorio, the presentation of the Departments lined up for the magazine and will attend the traditional Military Parade from the presidential rostrum in Via dei Fori Imperiali.

On the afternoon of 2 June, the Quirinale Gardens will be open to the public from 4.30 to 6.30 pm, and will be reserved for categories of people with frailties. Coinciding with the opening of the Gardens, for the first time the Italian Youth Choir of the Italian National Federation of Regional Choral Associations (Feniarco), the Youth Musical Band of Piedmont of the National Association of Autonomous Italian Musical Bands (ANBIMA) and , like last year, the Interforce Band. On Friday, June 2, the state’s museums and archaeological parks will be open free of charge for the first time in republican history.

More stories from Vanity Fair that may interest you:
  • Sergio Mattarella, he is still our President of the Republic
  • Sergio Mattarella, the day of the oath
  • Sergio Mattarella: «April 25 is the feast of Italian identity, rediscovered and re-founded after fascism»
  • June 2, President Mattarella: “Italy is moving for peace”

Source: Vanity Fair

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