1443: Georgios Kastriotis (Gierg Kastrioti or Skanderbeg) and his forces liberate Krougia and raise the flag with the double-headed eagle on a red background.
1520: Ferdinand Magellan, crossing the strait that bears his name today, becomes the first European explorer to reach the Pacific Ocean via the Atlantic Ocean.
1567: The first written evidence of potato imports into Europe is evidence of a potato exporter from the Canary Islands to an Antwerp trader.
1582: Playwright William Shakespeare marries 26-year-old actress Anne Hathaway at the age of 18.
1814: The Times of London is the first newspaper to use a steam engine to print it.
1821: Panama declares independence from Spain.
1843: the United Kingdom and France recognize the Kingdom of Hawaii as an independent country.
1895: The first car race in the United States of America is taking place in Chicago.
1905: The Irish nationalist, Arthur Griffith, founded Sinn Fein as a political party, with the main goal of establishing a dual monarchy in Ireland.
1907: Louis Meyer opens his first movie theater in Massachusetts. He became the owner of the largest movie chain in New England and in 1917 founded his own production company, which after a series of mergers became part of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.
1909: In France, the National Assembly introduces eight weeks postpartum for working women.
1910: Eleftherios Venizelos wins the elections, occupying 300 of the 364 seats in Parliament.
1912: Albania declares its independence from the Ottoman Empire.
1915: After the rapid advance of the Germans and the Bulgarians on Serbian territory, the king of the Serbs, Petros, took refuge with the remains of the Serbian army on the “Island of Salvation”, as the Serbs call Corfu.
1917: Snowstorm causes power outage in Athens. The roads are closed and the transportation of firewood from Tatoi for the needs of the power plant is impossible.
1925: The dictator Theodoros Pangalos, after a trial of expediency, hangs the abusers of public money, Dionysios Drakatos and Ioannis Zafeiropoulos, by hanging in Goudi in the presence of a large number of spectators. On the same day, teachers Dimitrios Glinos and Alexandros Delmouzos are expelled from the Maraslio Pedagogical Academy, as their teaching was deemed nationally harmful.
1943: The Tehran Conference between Franklin Roosevelt, Joseph Stalin and Winston Churchill is convened. The aim of the meeting is to finalize the Allied strategy for the final phase of the War. The attack in Normandy is decided for May 1944.
1944: The Communists, under Ember Hoxha, take control of Albania.
1948: The first Polaroid camera is for sale in Boston, at a price of $ 89.95.
1951: The UN-Communist peace talks in Panmunjom result in an agreement to draw a ceasefire line, roughly along the 38th geographical parallel that separates North from South Korea.
1953: The Aviation Trial is completed. Sitting in the dock are Air Force officials accused of pro-communist activities. Two are sentenced to life, six to probation and one is acquitted.
1958: Chad, the Republic of the Congo and Gabon become autonomous democracies within the French colonial empire.
1960: Mauritania gains full independence from France.
1964: NASA launches the “Mariner 4” spacecraft to Mars.
1967: Astronomers Jocelyn Bell and Anthony Hughes discover the first known pulsar in the constellation Alopix.
1967: The trial of the 41 of the Patriotic Front ends in the extraordinary military court of Thessaloniki. Two are sentenced to life in prison, 22 to sentences ranging from twenty to five years in prison and 17 acquitted.
1975: East Timor declares independence from Portugal.
1981: The monotonous system begins to be applied in the schools of our country.
1990: John Major replaces Margaret Thatcher as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
1994: Norway votes ‘no’ to joining the European Union.
1999: The World Weightlifting Championships, which started on November 21 at the Peace and Friendship Stadium, are coming to an end. Greece ranks first in the overall standings with 19 medals (4 gold, 10 silver and 5 bronze).
1999: Paraguayan Jose Luis Silavert becomes the only goalkeeper in the history of world football to score a hat-trick. In the match Velez Sarsfield – Ferro Karil Oeste for the championship of the First National Division of Argentina, he scores three goals with a penalty.
2002: The European Court of Human Rights awards the amount of 13.7 million euros (4.6 billion drachmas) as compensation of the Greek State to the former King Constantine for the expropriation of the so-called royal property.
2008: The Ecumenical Patriarchate requests the resignation of Abbot Ephraim from all his responsibilities in the Vatopedi Monastery until the investigation of the case is completed.
1118 – Manuel I Komnenos, Byzantine emperor
1489 – Margaret Tudor, Queen of Scotland
1632 – Jean-Baptiste Lilly, Italian composer
1757 – William Blake, English poet and painter
1820 – Friedrich Engels, German philosopher
1829 – Anton Rubinstein, Russian pianist and composer
1857 – Alfonso II, King of Spain
1880 – Alexander Blok, Russian poet
1881 – Stefan Zweich, Austrian writer and journalist
1887 – Ernst Rehm, German Nazi official
1906 – Emmanuel Kriaras, Greek philologist
1907 – Alberto Moravia, Italian writer and journalist
1908 – Claude Levy-Strauss, French anthropologist
1923 – Gloria Graham, American actress
1928 – Toaripi Lauti, politician from Tuvalu
1929 – Pavlos Zannas, Greek writer
1941 – Laura Antonelli, Italian actress
1941 – Mauja Old Sind Ahmed Tayya, Moorish politician
1947 – Panagiotis Varotsos, Greek physicist
1947 – Maria Farantouri, Greek singer
1950 – Hans Fassnacht, German swimmer
1950 – Russell Alan Hulls, American physicist
1950 – Ed Harris, American actor
1953 – Ewald Linen, German footballer and coach
1960 – John Galliano, British fashion designer
1961 – Alfonso Cuarρόνn, Mexican director and screenwriter
1962 – John Stewart, American actor and television presenter
1964 – Michael Bennett, American politician
1964 – Roy Tarpley, American basketball player
1967 – Anna Nicole Smith, American actress and model
1972 – Anastasia Kelesidou, Greek discus thrower
1985 – Magdi Rouza, Hungarian singer
741 – Pope Gregory III
1118 – Philip of Toulouse, Duchess of Aquitaine
1290 – Eleanor of Castile, Queen of England
1667 – Jean de Teveno, French botanist
1680 – Gian Lorenzo Bernini, Italian sculptor
1694 – Matsuo Basho, Japanese poet
1795 – George Ventotis, Greek writer
1828 – Anthimos Gazis, Greek scholar
1831 – Charles Knowles, British Admiral
1845 – Meletius III, Patriarch of Constantinople
1852 – Emmanuel Xanthos, Greek fighter
1870 – Frederic Basil, French painter
1878 – Constantine Kontogonis, Greek theologian
1907 – Stanislaw Wispianski, Polish writer and painter
1912 – Lorentzos Mavilis, Greek poet
1917 – Mikelis Avlichos, Greek poet
1919 – Dimitrios Filippotis, Greek sculptor
1930 – Constantine VI, Patriarch of Constantinople
1937 – Pavlos Nirvanas, Greek writer
1939 – James Naismith, Canadian Basketball Inventor
1954 – Enrico Fermi, Italian physicist
1958 – Sotirios Gotzamanis, Greek politician
1962 – Wilhelmina, Queen of the Netherlands
1968 – Edin Blyton, English writer
1974 – Konstantin Melnikov, Russian architect
1978 – Carlo Scarpa, Italian architect
1982 – Princess Eleni of Greece
1996 – Don McNeill, American tennis player
2000 – Nikolaos Anastasopoulos, Greek politician
2000 – Liane Hyde, Austrian actress
2003 – Giagos Pesmazoglou, Greek politician
2010 – Leslie Nielsen, Canadian actress
2010 – George Fountas, Greek actor
2011 – Dinos Katsouridis, Cypriot director
2014 – Lucidio Sedimenti, Italian footballer