Like today, October 24, 2021

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1260: Chartres Cathedral is inaugurated in the presence of King Louis IX of France. Today the temple is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

1260: The Mamluk sultan of Egypt, Kutuz, is assassinated by Baibar, who seizes power.

1360: The Treaty of Brittany is ratified in Calais, marking the end of the first phase of the Hundred Years’ War.

1648: The Treaty of Westphalia is signed in Münster, between France and the Holy Roman Empire, ending the Thirty Years’ War. It recognizes Switzerland’s independence and neutrality.

1857: The first football club in the world is founded, the English Sheffield FC, which today plays in the amateur categories of English football.

1861: The first intercontinental telegraph line in the USA is completed, marking the end of the Pony Express.

1909: Greece, under the government of Kyriakoulis Mavromichalis, buys the battleship Averoff, instead of 24 million drachmas, of which 8 million come from a legacy of George Averoff.

1922: English and Turks clash in Istanbul. The Allies prove powerless to impose themselves. The Moudania agreement is completely violated. The Turks slaughter Greek prisoner prisoners.

1926: Harry Houdini performs his last show in Detroit.

1929: “Black Thursday” on the New York Stock Exchange. The beginning of the economic “crash” in the USA, which will shock the world. Terrified investors instruct their stockbrokers to sell at any price. The panic leads to the forced sale of 19,000,000 shares. Within a few hours, $ 23 billion in invested value is lost and 50,000 businesses close within a day.

1931: The legendary gangster, Al Capone, is sentenced to 11 years in prison for tax evasion.

[1945: The Charter of the United Nations (UN World Day) enters into force. The term “United Nations” is American-inspired, specifically by President Franklin Roosevelt, who originally referred to allied forces against the Axis. After three years of consultations, on October 24, 1945, the organization evolved into a “global union of states committed to promoting cooperation in international law, security and peace, economic development and social equality.

1960: The registration of the thousandth ship in the Greek registers is solemnly celebrated.

1961: Great Britain guarantees the autonomy of Malta, within the framework of the British Commonwealth.

1963: The Swedish Academy honors George Seferis with the Nobel Prize in Literature, “for his wonderful lyrical style, which is inspired by a deep feeling for the Greek cultural ideal”.

1969: American actor Richard Burton is offering a $ 69 million 69-carat diamond to Elizabeth Taylor.

1970: Christos Papanikolaou breaks the world record for the short jump with 5.49 m at the Karaiskaki Stadium. It will endure for 22 years as a national team and will be broken in 1992 by Christos Palakis with 5.52 m. For the first time a Greek athlete becomes a world record holder.

1973: The Yom Kippur War is over.

1982: Dimitris Beis is elected mayor of Athens, with the support of PASOK and the KKE.

1987: In Greece, a parliamentary committee is set up for interceptions. The resignation of Theofanis Tombras is demanded.

1990: Italian Prime Minister Julio Andreotti reveals to the Italian Parliament the existence of Gladio, NATO’s secret paramilitary operation, which was involved in bogus terrorist attacks blaming communists and anarchists as part of a strategy of tension from the late 1960s. in the early 1980s.

Births

51 – Domitian, Roman emperor

1378 – David Stewart, Duke of Rhodesia

1607 – Jan Liefens, Dutch artist

1632 – Anton van Levenhook, Dutch microbiologist

1633 – James II, King of England

1804 – Wilhelm Weber, German physicist

1891 – Arthur Edison, American filmmaker

1897 – Willem Sandberg, Dutch printer

1908 – John Tuzo Wilson, Canadian geophysicist

1912 – Hermann Graf, German pilot

1932 – Pierre-Jill de Zen, French physicist

1943 – Teodor Stologian, Romanian politician

1946 – Kati Chomata, Greek singer

1956 – David Stergakos, Greek basketball player

1963 – Rosana Arbelo, Spanish songwriter

1966 – Roman Abramovich, Russian businessman

1970 – Natasa Theodoridou, Greek singer

1974 – Gabor Babos, Hungarian footballer

1977 – Ivan Caviedes, footballer from Ecuador

1985 – Wayne Rooney, English footballer

1986 – Drake (world-famous Aubrey Drake Graham), Canadian actor and rapper

1989 – Sene Grimes, Canadian actor

1989 – Felix Kelberg, Swedish comedian

Deaths

996 – Hugo Capeto, King of France

1375 – Waldemar IV, King of Denmark

1517 – Markos Mousouros, Greek publisher

1535 – Francis II Sforza, Duke of Milan

1537 – Jane Seymour, Queen of England

1579 – Albert V, Duke of Bavaria

1601 – Ticho Brahe, Danish astronomer

1607 – Jan Levens, Dutch painter

1655 – Pierre Gassedi, French philosopher, mathematician and scientist

1725 – Alessandro Scarlatti, Italian composer

1842 – Bernardo O’Higgins, Chilean leader

1862 – Theodoros Grivas, Greek fighter

1866 – Ferdinand Esslin, Greek fighter

1891 – Eleni Archigenous, Greek words

1922 – Andreas Karkavitsas, Greek writer

[1945-VidkunQuislingNorwegianmilitaryandpolitician

1948 – Franz Lehar, Austrian composer

1957 – Christian Dior, French fashion designer

1974 – Vassilios I. Vyzas, Greek politician

1976 – George Ostrogorsky, Russian Byzantine scholar

1979 – Kriton Athanasoulis, Greek poet

1981 – Euripides Pisiotis, Greek politician

1991 – Gene Roddenberry, American television producer

1994 – Raul Julia, Puerto Rican actor

1995 – Dimitris Maroudas, Greek journalist and politician

2001 – Jaromil Geris, Czechoslovak director

2004 – Konstantinos Tountas, Greek physician

2005 – Rosa Parks, American activist

2006 – Bruno Lauzi, Italian songwriter

2008 – Helmut Zilk, Austrian politician

2010 – Kati Chomata, Greek singer

2017 – Robert Guillaume, American actor

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