1260: Chartres Cathedral is inaugurated in the presence of King Louis IX of France. Today the temple is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
1260: The Mamluk sultan of Egypt, Kutuz, is assassinated by Baibar, who seizes power.
1360: The Treaty of Brittany is ratified in Calais, marking the end of the first phase of the Hundred Years’ War.
1648: The Treaty of Westphalia is signed in Münster, between France and the Holy Roman Empire, ending the Thirty Years’ War. It recognizes Switzerland’s independence and neutrality.
1857: The first football club in the world is founded, the English Sheffield FC, which today plays in the amateur categories of English football.
1861: The first intercontinental telegraph line in the USA is completed, marking the end of the Pony Express.
1909: Greece, under the government of Kyriakoulis Mavromichalis, buys the battleship Averoff, instead of 24 million drachmas, of which 8 million come from a legacy of George Averoff.
1922: English and Turks clash in Istanbul. The Allies prove powerless to impose themselves. The Moudania agreement is completely violated. The Turks slaughter Greek prisoner prisoners.
1926: Harry Houdini performs his last show in Detroit.
1929: “Black Thursday” on the New York Stock Exchange. The beginning of the economic “crash” in the USA, which will shock the world. Terrified investors instruct their stockbrokers to sell at any price. The panic leads to the forced sale of 19,000,000 shares. Within a few hours, $ 23 billion in invested value is lost and 50,000 businesses close within a day.
1931: The legendary gangster, Al Capone, is sentenced to 11 years in prison for tax evasion.
[1945: The Charter of the United Nations (UN World Day) enters into force. The term “United Nations” is American-inspired, specifically by President Franklin Roosevelt, who originally referred to allied forces against the Axis. After three years of consultations, on October 24, 1945, the organization evolved into a “global union of states committed to promoting cooperation in international law, security and peace, economic development and social equality.
1960: The registration of the thousandth ship in the Greek registers is solemnly celebrated.
1961: Great Britain guarantees the autonomy of Malta, within the framework of the British Commonwealth.
1963: The Swedish Academy honors George Seferis with the Nobel Prize in Literature, “for his wonderful lyrical style, which is inspired by a deep feeling for the Greek cultural ideal”.
1969: American actor Richard Burton is offering a $ 69 million 69-carat diamond to Elizabeth Taylor.
1970: Christos Papanikolaou breaks the world record for the short jump with 5.49 m at the Karaiskaki Stadium. It will endure for 22 years as a national team and will be broken in 1992 by Christos Palakis with 5.52 m. For the first time a Greek athlete becomes a world record holder.
1973: The Yom Kippur War is over.
1982: Dimitris Beis is elected mayor of Athens, with the support of PASOK and the KKE.
1987: In Greece, a parliamentary committee is set up for interceptions. The resignation of Theofanis Tombras is demanded.
1990: Italian Prime Minister Julio Andreotti reveals to the Italian Parliament the existence of Gladio, NATO’s secret paramilitary operation, which was involved in bogus terrorist attacks blaming communists and anarchists as part of a strategy of tension from the late 1960s. in the early 1980s.
51 – Domitian, Roman emperor
1378 – David Stewart, Duke of Rhodesia
1607 – Jan Liefens, Dutch artist
1632 – Anton van Levenhook, Dutch microbiologist
1633 – James II, King of England
1804 – Wilhelm Weber, German physicist
1891 – Arthur Edison, American filmmaker
1897 – Willem Sandberg, Dutch printer
1908 – John Tuzo Wilson, Canadian geophysicist
1912 – Hermann Graf, German pilot
1932 – Pierre-Jill de Zen, French physicist
1943 – Teodor Stologian, Romanian politician
1946 – Kati Chomata, Greek singer
1956 – David Stergakos, Greek basketball player
1963 – Rosana Arbelo, Spanish songwriter
1966 – Roman Abramovich, Russian businessman
1970 – Natasa Theodoridou, Greek singer
1974 – Gabor Babos, Hungarian footballer
1977 – Ivan Caviedes, footballer from Ecuador
1985 – Wayne Rooney, English footballer
1986 – Drake (world-famous Aubrey Drake Graham), Canadian actor and rapper
1989 – Sene Grimes, Canadian actor
1989 – Felix Kelberg, Swedish comedian
996 – Hugo Capeto, King of France
1375 – Waldemar IV, King of Denmark
1517 – Markos Mousouros, Greek publisher
1535 – Francis II Sforza, Duke of Milan
1537 – Jane Seymour, Queen of England
1579 – Albert V, Duke of Bavaria
1601 – Ticho Brahe, Danish astronomer
1607 – Jan Levens, Dutch painter
1655 – Pierre Gassedi, French philosopher, mathematician and scientist
1725 – Alessandro Scarlatti, Italian composer
1842 – Bernardo O’Higgins, Chilean leader
1862 – Theodoros Grivas, Greek fighter
1866 – Ferdinand Esslin, Greek fighter
1891 – Eleni Archigenous, Greek words
1922 – Andreas Karkavitsas, Greek writer
1948 – Franz Lehar, Austrian composer
1957 – Christian Dior, French fashion designer
1974 – Vassilios I. Vyzas, Greek politician
1976 – George Ostrogorsky, Russian Byzantine scholar
1979 – Kriton Athanasoulis, Greek poet
1981 – Euripides Pisiotis, Greek politician
1991 – Gene Roddenberry, American television producer
1994 – Raul Julia, Puerto Rican actor
1995 – Dimitris Maroudas, Greek journalist and politician
2001 – Jaromil Geris, Czechoslovak director
2004 – Konstantinos Tountas, Greek physician
2005 – Rosa Parks, American activist
2006 – Bruno Lauzi, Italian songwriter
2008 – Helmut Zilk, Austrian politician
2010 – Kati Chomata, Greek singer
2017 – Robert Guillaume, American actor