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Number of streets and avenues in Brazil grew 31% in 12 years, says IBGE

The number of public places in the country grew 31% between the 2010 and 2022 Censuses. According to information released by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE) this Friday (7), Brazil has 13,854,931 streets, avenues, squares, alleys and other public places in urban and rural areas .

The data is part of the Public Street Face Base, an information bank updated by IBGE with each demographic census. Detailed information, such as the exact location and name of the street, is made available by the institute through digital files.

An increasingly common use of this database is to create and update virtual maps, such as those used by mobility and private transport applications. The information provided by IBGE also serves as a source for researchers, logistics companies and urban planners.

Many city halls, for example, do not have their own digital cartographic bases and use information provided by IBGE, which covers the country’s 5,570 municipalities. The base can be used in strategies that require geospatial components, such as real estate registries and mapping of informal areas, such as favelas and towns.

“This version contributes to diverse geographic analyzes in terms of its importance for the majority of municipalities that do not have geotechnology resources, mainly by transforming part of the census collection data into information on roads traveled by census takers”, explains the Structures coordinator IBGE Territorials, Roberto Tavares.

After undergoing updates, IBGE itself uses the database to carry out visits to other surveys, such as the Continuous National Household Sample Survey (Pnad) and the Family Budget Survey (POF).

Main results

IBGE census takers began collecting information for the Demographic Census on August 1, 2022, and the results were known from 2023, in serial releases. Among the main known data is the size of the Brazilian population, made up of 203 million people. Women are the majority, 51.5%.

The number of brown people in Brazil surpassed the number of white people for the first time since 1872, when the census was created. In 2022, 92.1 million people recognized themselves as brown; while 88.3 million are white. Indigenous people numbered approximately 1.7 million.

Also for the first time, the census survey recorded the presence of the quilombola population, which totaled 1.33 million people, 0.66% of the country’s population. Quilombolas are descendants and remnants of communities formed by escaped black slaves.

The census also addresses details about the living conditions of Brazilians. More than 11 million people (7% of the total) are not literate. Of the homes, 64.69% were connected to the sewage network and 83.88% were supplied by the general water network.

Information from Agência Brasil

Source: CNN Brasil

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