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Picasso, Munch and Warhol: Bienal de SP has already exhibited works by names that changed the history of art

The Ciccillo Matarazzo Pavilion, in Ibirapuera Park, in São Paulo, will host, starting on Wednesday (6th) the 35th São Paulo International Art Biennial. With the theme “choreographies of the impossible”, this edition promises to bring works that challenge the linearity of time in the West.

“The term choreography also helps us to reflect on how the idea of ​​moving freely remains at the core of a neoliberal conception of freedom. In line with the very paradox created by the title, we seek not to walk around a motif or thematic nuclei, but rather to open space for a continuous dance in which we can choreograph together, even in the difference”, say the curators.

In the 34 previous editions, the Biennial has exhibited some of the most famous works in the history of art, such as “Guernica”, by Pablo Picasso, and “The Scream”, by Edward Munch. In the gallery above CNN listed illustrious painters who were in the exhibition catalog throughout the history of the Bienal.

  • Pablo Picasso

The Spanish painter Pablo Picasso had his most important work exhibited at the 2nd International Biennial of São Paulo, in 1953: the panel “Guernica”. The painting, which depicts the destruction caused by the dictatorship of Francisco Franco during the Spanish Civil War, arrived in Brazil through the port of Santos and went up the mountains towards the capital of São Paulo in an open truck, protected only by a tarp.

At the time, the work went around the world because Picasso prohibited his painting from being exhibited in Spain until the republic was reestablished. Only in 1975, with the death of Franco, was democracy re-established in the country.

“Guernica” is now part of the collection of the Reina Sofia Museum, in Madrid, where it has been since 1992.

  • Edvard Munch

“The Scream”, by Edvard Munch, another of the most iconic works in history that have already been exhibited at the Bienal. The painting by the Norwegian was part of the impressive collection of the 23rd edition, in 1996, which brought together works by other great artists, such as Picasso, Paul Klee, Goya, Andy Warhol and Jean Michel Basquiat.

The painting is considered an icon of expressionism and was painted in four versions, in addition to a lithograph that allows the work to be printed and reproduced. In 2012, one of the versions was sold for US$ 120 million (approximately R$ 592 million) at a Sotheby’s auction in New York.

The theme of the 23rd edition was “The dematerialization of art at the end of the millennium”, which had its three pillars in Picasso, Warhol and Munch.

  • Andy Warhol

The 9th edition was considered the “Pop Biennial” and featured five works by Andy Warhol, an American painter and filmmaker who was an exponent of Pop Art. He was mainly responsible for bringing icons of popular culture closer to high art.

Warhol, in his paintings, used image reproduction techniques and presented traditional brands of the North American market, such as Campbell’s soups and Coca-Cola, as well as stars of the time, such as Marilyn Monroe, Elizabeth Taylor, Michael Jackson, Pelé and Brigitte Bardot.

  • Marcel Duchamp

The work of the French painter, poet and sculptor Marcel Duchamp won a room to call his own at the 19th Bienal Internacional de São Paulo, in 1987. His work “Players of Chess” had already been exhibited at the 2nd Bienal, in 1953, but this time visitors were able to see a complete exhibition by the artist.

Duchamp invented the readymade, that is, the style that appropriates elements originally manufactured to be part of everyday life and transforms them into art. He was the one who took a urinal to the masterpiece landing, for example. “Bicicleta Wheel”, which was exhibited at the 19th Bienal, is one of his main works.

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  • 35th Bienal de São Paulo – choreographies of the impossible
  • Curatorship: Diane Lima, Grada Kilomba, Hélio Menezes and Manuel Borja-Villel
  • From September 6 to December 10, 2023
  • Tuesdays, Wednesdays, Fridays and Sundays: 10:00 am to 7:00 pm (last entrance: 6:30 pm)
  • Thursdays and Saturdays: 10:00 am to 9:00 pm (last entrance: 8:30 pm)
  • Ciccillo Matarazzo Pavilion, Ibirapuera Park · Gate 3 – São Paulo, SP
  • Free entrance

Source: CNN Brasil

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