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Powell’s speech: Job creation is slowing in the economy

US Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell delivers the Semiannual Monetary Policy Report and answers questions before the Senate Banking Committee on the first day of his testimony before Congress.

Key points

“We are looking at where we can be quicker and more forceful where appropriate in supervising banks.”

“Unemployment remains low by historical standards.”

“Job creation is slowing in the economy.”

“Today we are not sending any signals about the timing of future Fed policy actions.”

“Banks need to honestly assess their risk in order to manage it.”

“Big banks can manage this problem.”

“For smaller banks, we are in contact with those banks to make sure they can handle it.”

Inflation FAQs


Inflation measures the rise in prices of a representative basket of goods and services. Headline inflation is usually expressed as a percentage change month-on-month and year-on-year. Core inflation excludes more volatile items such as food and fuel, which can fluctuate due to geopolitical and seasonal factors. Core inflation is the figure that economists focus on and is the target level for central banks, which are mandated to keep inflation at a manageable level, usually around 2%.


The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the change in prices of a basket of goods and services over a period of time. It is usually expressed as a percentage change month-on-month and year-on-year. The core CPI is the target for central banks as it excludes the volatility of food and fuel. When the core CPI exceeds 2%, interest rates typically rise, and vice versa when it falls below 2%. Since higher interest rates are positive for a currency, higher inflation usually translates into a stronger currency. The opposite is true when inflation falls.


Although it may seem counterintuitive, high inflation in a country drives up the value of its currency and vice versa in the case of lower inflation. This is because the central bank will typically raise interest rates to combat higher inflation, which attracts more global capital inflows from investors looking for a lucrative place to park their money.


Gold was once the go-to asset for investors during times of high inflation because it preserved its value, and while investors often still buy Gold for its safe haven properties during times of extreme market turmoil, this is not the case most of the time. This is because when inflation is high, central banks raise interest rates to combat it. Higher interest rates are negative for Gold because they increase the opportunity cost of holding Gold versus an interest-bearing asset or putting the money in a cash deposit account. Conversely, lower inflation tends to be positive for Gold as it lowers interest rates, making the shiny metal a more viable investment alternative.

Source: Fx Street

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