The EU economy falls 6.4% in 2020 and 6.8% in the eurozone due to the pandemic
The fall ends seven years of growth in both areas. In Spain, GDP fell by 11%, the worst figure in peacetime
Gross domestic product plummeted 6.4% in the European Union and 6.8% in the euro area in 2020 as a result of the coronavirus pandemic, ending seven years of growth in both areas, according to preliminary data published this Tuesday by Eurostat and collected by Efe.
In Spain, the fall was historic: 11%, the worst figure in peacetime. The French economy experienced a decline of 8.3% in 2020 (something unprecedented since the Second World War, although less than initially expected), Italy registered a decrease of 8.8% in all of 2020 (the Government expected a fall 9%) and in Germany GDP fell by 5%, the worst figure since 2009. The pandemic has caused falls in almost all the countries of the world and even those that grew, such as China, did so at a worse pace.
The greatest collapse corresponded to the first wave of Covid-19 and the restrictions that were implemented to try to contain the disease from March (the first lockdown was imposed in Spain this month). All in all, the fall during the second quarter was 11.4% in the EU and 11.7% in the euro area.
For their part, the summer months, in which the measures were relaxed, brought a rebound in GDP in the third quarter (11.5% and 12.4%, respectively) … and in infections. The second wave brought a new fall during the last quarter of 2020.
In this period, GDP fell 0.5% in the Twenty-seven and 0.7% in the euro area compared to the three previous months. If compared to the fourth quarter of the previous year, the decline was 4.8% and 5.1%, respectively, according to data from the community statistics office.
The decline of 6.4% in the EU and 6.8% in the euro area in 2020 as a whole is higher than that suffered in 2009, the worst year of the financial crisis in which the economy contracted by 4, 3% and 4.4%, respectively.
However, in both cases the fall was one point lower than that forecast last November by the European Commission, which predicted a contraction of GDP of 7.4% in the EU and 7.8% in the euro area. Brussels will present new forecasts for the European economy in the coming days.