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Today is November 30

What happened like today in Greece and the world.

1782: During the American Revolution, representatives from the United States and Great Britain sign the preliminary articles of the peace treaty in Paris, which will be formalized in 1783.

1786: The death penalty is abolished in Tuscany, for the first time in the world, by the duke of the region, Leopold II, later emperor of the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation.

1822: During the Greek Revolution, the liberation of Nafplio by Staikos Staikopoulos begins.

1853: The naval battle of Sinop takes place: The Russian Fleet under Pavel Nakimov battles the Ottoman under Osman Pasha, in the context of the Crimean War.

1872: The first official international match in football history takes place in Glasgow: Scotland-England 0-0.

1874: There are incidents in the Greek Parliament, as the budget is passed by the government of Dimitrios Voulgaris without the legal quorum. They are the so-called “Stylish”. The names of the MPs who support the Prime Minister are published in the columns of the newspapers – for publicity purposes.

1893: The Bank of Athens is founded by Antonios Kallergis.

1900: German engineer invents front-wheel drive car.

1903: Grigorios Xenopoulos publishes in the literary magazine “Panathinaia” his historical article “A Poet” about Konstantinos Cavafy, with which the Alexandrian poet becomes known to the Greek public.

1903: Thessaloniki acquires its first permanent cinema, the “Olympia”.

1912: The Turks retreat to Macedonia, after losing their last stronghold in the region, after the victory of the Serbs in Dibra.

1925: Dictator Theodoros Pangalos forbids women to wear short dresses when they go out. The hem should not be more than 30 cm from the ground.

1932: In Greece, the Ministry of Health is abolished and its services are integrated into the Ministry of Welfare.

1938: The full medical treatment of IKA insured persons begins.

1940: A great victory of the Greeks over the Italians takes place in Pogradec, Albania.

1943: In Athens, a pogrom is carried out against the disabled by the occupying security forces, resulting in the execution of 283 Greek war disabled.

1958: The study for the construction of the Athens Metro, which “will soon be built in parts” is submitted to the Minister of Public Works, Solon Ghikas (Karamanlis government). “Soon” meant 33 years later…

1963: After the inter-communal riots in Cyprus, the President of the Republic, Archbishop Makarios, submitted to the Turkish Cypriots a series of proposals to normalize the situation (“13 points”).

1966: The University of Patras is inaugurated.

1966: Barbados gains independence from the United Kingdom.

1967: South Yemen gains independence from the United Kingdom.

1979: Pope John Paul II becomes the first head of the Catholic Church, who attends – after a whole millennium – the divine service in a church of the Orthodox Church, in Constantinople.

1979: One of the legendary rock albums, “The Wall” by Pink Floydwhich will sell 6,000,000 copies within two weeks.

1981: In order to deal with the cloud in the center of Athens, it is decided to implement staggered hours in the market and to alternate the circulation of cars (odd-even).

1981: Representatives from the United States of America and the Soviet Union begin negotiating, in Geneva, the reduction of intermediate-range nuclear weapons in Europe (the meetings will end on December 17 without reaching a decision).

1982: O Michael Jackson the biggest-selling album of all time, ‘Thriller’, is released.

Michael Jackson

1982: The first edition of the sports newspaper “O Filathlos” is released.

1992: The juntaists Stylianos Pattakos, Georgios Zoitakis, Nikolaos Makarezos and Ioannis Ladas submit an application for pardon.

1993: The Senate in the Netherlands approves the bill for the euthanasiawith 37 votes in favor and 34 against.

2020: A hemispherical is performed lunar eclipse, with the full moon fading slightly as it passes through Earth’s umbra. It is visible from most of North America, the Pacific Ocean, parts of East Asia and New Zealand.

2021: Four students are killed and seven others are injured in a mass shooting at a high school in Oxford, Michigan in the United States.

Births

539 – Grigorios Turonis, Gallic historian and bishop

1466 – Andrea Doria, Italian admiral

1485 – Veronica Gabara, Italian poet

1508 – Andrea Palladio, Italian architect

1602 – Otto von Gerike, German physicist and inventor

1623 – Nesati, Ottoman poet

1667 – Jonathan Swift, Irish writer

1817 – Theodor Mommsen, German jurist and historian

1825 – William-Adolphe Bouguereau, French painter

1835 – Mark Twain, American author

1869 – Niels Gustaf Dahlen, Swedish physicist

1874 – Winston Churchill, English politician

1882 – Ioannis Demestichas, Greek soldier and politician

1885 – Albert Kesselring, German field marshal

1903 – Madame Gray, French fashion designer

1919 – Parthenios III, Patriarch of Alexandria

1926 – Richard Crenna, American actor

1927 – Robert Guillaume, American actor

1927 – Martha Chase, American geneticist

1934 – Lansana Condé, President of Guinea

1936 – Abby Hoffman, American activist

1943 – Terrence Malick, American director and screenwriter

1944 – Joseph Boakai, Liberian politician

[1945–RogerGloverWelshbassist

1946 – Marina Abramović, Serbian artist

1947 – Sergio Badia Castillo, Chilean poet

1949 – Vlassis Bonatsos, Greek singer and actor

1950 – Yannis Spathas, Greek guitarist

1955 – Constance Money, American pornographic actress

1960 – Gary Lineker, English footballer

1965 – Aldair (Aldair Nascimento dos Santos), Brazilian soccer player

1965 – Ben Stiller, American actor

1978 – Gael García Bernal, Mexican actor

1982 – Elisha Cuthbert, Canadian actress

1985 – Kaley Cuoco, American actress

1989 – Vladimir Weiss, Slovak football player

1990 – Magnus Carlsen, Norwegian chess player

1990 – Lefteris Petrounias, Greek gymnast

Deaths

912 – Othon I, Duke of Saxony

1016 – Edmund the Iron Side, King of England

1526 – Giovanni dalle Bande Nere, Italian soldier

1647 – Giovanni Lanfranco, Italian painter

1718 – Charles XII, King of Sweden

1761 – John Dollod, English optician

1830 – Pope Pius VIII

1866 – John Mercer, English chemist and industrialist

1892 – Dimitrios Valvi, Greek politician

1900 – Oscar Wilde, Irish writer

1935 – Fernando Pessoa, Portuguese poet

1938 – Cornelios Condreanu, Romanian politician

1944 – Owen O’Duffy, Irish politician

1947 – Ernst Lubitsch, German director

1953 – Francis Picambia, French painter and poet

1954 – Wilhelm Furtwängler, German conductor

1977 – Terence Rattigan, English playwright

1989 – Ahmadou Achizo, Cameroonian politician

1990 – Sotos Vassiliadis, Greek musician

1994 – Guy Debord, French writer

1996 – Tiny Tim, American musician

2003 – Gertrude Enderle, American swimmer

2011 – Carl Roby, American swimmer

2013 – Paul Walker, American actor

2013 – Takis Synetopoulos, Greek football player

2015 – Fatima Mernissi, Moroccan sociologist and writer

2015 – Minas Hadjisavvas, Greek actor

2017 – Colin Groves, English biologist

2018 – George W. Bush, American politician, 41st president of the USA

2020 – Irina Antonova, Russian art historian

Source: News Beast

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