The International Court of Justice has 15 judges and is based in The Hague, Netherlands.
Among them is the Brazilian Leonardo Nemer Caldeira Brant, who is also a professor of international law at UFMG.
A CNN Radio he explained that the Court is an “integral court of the United Nations system” and, therefore, is an international jurisdiction, like the International Criminal Court.
“However, the International Court of Justice has the power to judge only states that may be parties to litigation and judge violations of international law,” he explained.
In parallel to this, the International Criminal Court, created by the Treaty of Rome, “is intended to judge individuals who have committed crimes according to their own status, such as war or genocide.”
In the case of a matter going to the International Court of Justice, either unilaterally or by both parties, “the admissibility or jurisdiction must be verified.”
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“If states delegate the competence to judge an alleged violation, they are the ones who need to present the evidence”, he added.
At the ICC, the situation is different: “The action can be brought by one of the parties, but there is a prosecutor who initiates the investigation, there is a first instance that judges and the possibility of appeal”.
*Produced by Isabel Campos
Source: CNN Brasil
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