A study released this Friday (24), by the Economic Research Institute (Ipea), points out that the unemployment rate dropped in April and reached 9.4%. The data was calculated by the agency from the quarterly numbers of the Continuous National Household Sample Survey (Pnad), from the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE). This is the lowest level recorded since October 2015.
The interannual analysis shows that the unemployment rate dropped 4.9% percentage points in relation to 2021. The employed population in April reached 97.8 million workers, the highest rate since the beginning of the PNAD, in 2012. work grew by 3.7% in January and April and reached 109.1 million people, the largest contingent ever verified in the survey.
Currently, according to the study, there are about 11 million people unemployed across the country. The resumption of employment is classified as generalized: it occurs in all regions, age and educational segments and affects all sectors of the economy. However, it is faster in the Central-West and Southeast regions, where unemployment rates are 8.5% in the former and 11.1% in the latter.
Nationally, the youngest were the most benefited by the reduction: the unemployment rate in this group, which reached 30% in the first quarter, dropped to 22.8%. However, it is still more than double the rate recorded in the Brazilian population in general.
Thirteen economic sectors were analyzed in the first quarter, in relation to the same period last year, and six of them showed occupancy growth of more than 10%. The highlights were the segments of accommodation and food (32.5%), personal services (19.5%) and domestic services (19.4%).
The work also pointed to a reduction in discouragement: a classification used to include people who would like to work, but gave up looking for a job because they believed it would not be possible to find a job. The proportion of discouraged people fell from 5.1% to 3.7% and represents a total of 4.2 million people. It is the lowest total since September 2017.
About 6.5% of the population works less than 40 hours a week and would like to work more. This is the classification of underemployed: they are 6.4 million people. The current data reflects a drop of 1.7 percentage points compared to the same period in 2021.
Source: CNN Brasil