It is unclear which model of the Shell was captured.
This particular installation, the source writes, the UAE bought in Russia and sent to Libya its protégés – the “Libyan National Army” of General Khalifa Haftar, who is fighting against the UN-recognized government of the country (there is also another, unrecognized, – ed.). The general’s headquarters is located in Tobruk in the east of Libya. These forces also enjoy the support of Russia, Egypt and other countries.
Perhaps this installation was found at the Al-Watia airbase south-west of Tripoli: it was recaptured from Haftar in May 2020.
Since 2011, after the overthrow and assassination of the dictator Muammar Gaddafi, there has been a de facto dual power in Libya. To the east in Tobruk is the House of Representatives, which is supported by Haftar’s army. The Government of National Accord, formed with the support of the UN and the West, is working in Tripoli. Haftar is supported by the Russian Federation (including through the Wagner PMC), France, Jordan and the United Arab Emirates, the PNS – Turkey, Italy, Qatar and the UN. In April 2019, Haftar launched an offensive against Tripoli, but was defeated.
The operation to transport them to Germany was carried out “amid fears that an air defense system capable of easily shooting down civilian aircraft could fall into the hands of militants or arms smugglers in a war-torn North African country.”
Meanwhile, NATO intelligence received data on the technical characteristics of the system. However, writes The Times, export versions of such air defense systems are deprived of a carefully guarded database of “friends” https://news.liga.net/ of “enemies” with transponder codes of Russian Air Force aircraft.
The cargo was sent to Germany on a US Air Force C-17 Globemaster III transport plane from Zuwara Airport (west of Tripoli). What happened to him next is unknown. Perhaps the installation was taken by plane further to Charleston (USA).