More than 19,000 children and adolescents were victims of abuse in Brazil in 2021 – an increase of 21.3% compared to 2020. Of these, 62% were between 0 and 9 years old. The country still registered 2,555 murders of children and adolescents.
The data are from the Yearbook of the Brazilian Public Security Forum – a non-profit organization that monitors cases of violence in the country – released this Tuesday (28).
In addition, cases of child abandonment, child pornography and child sexual exploitation also grew in the country.
Sexual violence and against women
Last year, there were registered 66,020 rapes in Brazil – an increase of 4.2% over the previous year. 75.5% of victims were vulnerable and unable to consent, and 61.3% were up to 13 years old. In 79.6% of the cases the perpetrator was known to the victim.
Assaults due to domestic violence, threats and the number of calls to 190 – the Military Police’s contact number – also recorded growth.
About 370,209 Urgent Protective Measures (MPU) – protection mechanism created by Law nº 11.340/2006, better known as Maria da Penha Law – were granted in 2021 (increase of 13.6% compared to 2020).
Violence against LGBTQIA+ public grows up to 88% in 2021
Data from the Brazilian Public Security Yearbook reveal that rape crimes against the LGBTQIA+ population grew 88.4% in 2021 in Brazil, compared to 2020.
The report, released by the Brazilian Security Forum this Tuesday (28), is based on information provided by state Public Security departments, civil, military and federal police, among other official sources in the sector.
In terms of the violence suffered by this group, the forum collected data on intentional bodily harm, intentional homicide and rape against LGBTQIA+ people. According to the survey, cases of bodily harm grew by 35.2% from one year to the next, while those of intentional homicides rose by 7.2%.
The records of an increase in violence against LGBTQIA+ go against the data of intentional violent deaths for the general population, which fell by about 6.5% last year, compared to 2020. This Tuesday (28), it is celebrated International LGBTQIA+ Pride Day.
For the researcher at the Brazilian Public Security Forum, Dennis Pacheco, one point must be taken into account: the lack of data on the violence experienced by this community. According to the Yearbook, only eight states in the country have details of the three categories of violation surveyed.
“The main information is the low quality of data production of the LGBTQIA+ population. We have a very large underreporting, for various reasons, including the lack of reporting. There are barriers for the victims themselves because the perception of the population is that the police will not show solidarity with the pain, that they will have problems when registering the occurrence, and this increases the underreporting even more”, says the researcher.
Some states such as Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Rio Grande do Sul, Minas Gerais, Maranhão and Bahia did not disclose, according to the survey, sectored data on crimes committed against this population.
Also according to Dennis Pacheco, some measures can be taken by the government to give visibility to violations against this public. For the researcher, the State fails to take responsibility for this population and the crimes against it.
“They understand that they are not problems to be solved by the police, they see them as problems of society, but they ignore the fact that they are structural issues. So I believe that it is necessary to overcome this resistance, provide training and qualification for the police to deal with these cases”, he highlights.
Pacheco also defends the inclusion of questions about the LGBTQIA+ population in the Census, carried out by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE). “No one knows how many we are. And this also ends up making effective and effective public policies unfeasible”, he adds.
On Friday (24), a decision by the Federal Regional Court of the 1st Region (TRF-1), in Brasília, overturned the injunction granted by the 2nd Federal Court of Justice of Acre, which forced the IBGE to include questions about sexual orientation and gender identity in the 2022 Census.
Source: CNN Brasil