THE climate change will force tens of millions of inhabitants Eastern Africa to leave their homes within the next three decades, even if plans are launched to reduce its impact on the region, according to a report by World Bank which today saw the light of day.
People affected will include farmers affected by drought and seek new land for cultivation or different work in urban areas and others who are forced to leave their homes by the need to find clean water, the International Financial Institution said in a report issued four days before the start of the UN Climate Summit, COP26, in Glasgow.
The five countries of East Africa – the Kenya, the Rwanda, the Tanzania, the Uganda and Burundi – are experiencing more and more extreme weather phenomena in recent years, reports Reuters.
In addition to the worsening drought in an area that is heavily dependent on agriculture, extensive floods occurred in 2020, while an unprecedented Locust raid which started in 2019 continues to sow chaos.
“No wide-ranging, urgent action (…) up to 38.5 million people “They may be displaced internally as a result of climate change by 2050,” said Hafez Ghanem, the World Bank’s deputy director for the region.
What meters are on the table
Specific measures to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and to fund programs to tackle climate change and adaptation programs could reduce the projected number of displacements, but only by 30%, noted in the same report.
The World Bank is committed to ensuring that 35% of its funding over the next five years will be made available to projects that will help tackle the threat of climate change, Ganem said.
Kenya has demonstrated a leading role in the region in creating a policy framework for climate change risk management, “although climate action remains underfunded“, Said the Keith Hansen, director of the World Bank branch in Kenya.
Lack of resources
It is worth noting that rich countries promised in 2009 to provide $ 100 billion a year for five years from 2020 to poorer countries to help them cope with the effects of global warming.
But this funding program is going to delayed for three years, the president of COP26 admitted on Monday, Alok Sarma.