Youth and public empowerment for the climate: what to expect from COP26 this Friday

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Raise the voice of young people and demonstrate the critical role of public empowerment and education in climate action. These will be the focus of the fifth day of the 26th United Nations Conference on Climate Change (COP26), held in Glasgow, Scotland, this Friday (5).

At the heart of the debate, young climate experts discuss challenges and solutions at the conference. The event will present the global declaration of youth, their climate actions and calls to action at the global level of COP26 leaders.

This Friday’s meeting aims to facilitate a dialogue between young leaders and high-level experts, sharing experiences and stories of change. The world will be able to follow the exchange of experiences between generations, aiming to expand the scale of climate action.

Public engagement will also be in focus on the fifth day of the conference; one of the COP26 sessions this Friday will bring together voices from around the world who will share their personal journeys on climate action through public engagement.

Ministers of Education, ministers responsible for climate change and youth are expected to discuss the importance of education in creating positive futures for the climate. On the agenda of the meetings will be the commitments on education and actions for the climate.

Brazilian entourage

This Friday (5), the day will be dedicated to the theme “Real Amazon” at the Brazil Pavilion at COP26, with the promotion of dialogue with secretaries of Environment of Amazonian states.

Participating in the debate: Eduardo Taveira, Secretary of the Environment of Amazonas; Israel Milani, Secretary of the Environment of Acre; Josiane Andreia Ferreira, Secretary of Environment of Amapá, and Mauro O´ de Almeida, Secretary of Environment of Pará.

Mato Grosso’s Environment Secretary, Mauren Lazzaretti, will moderate the debate.

The Minister of Mines and Energy, Bento Albuquerque, participates in the event “Offshore Wind as an ocean-based solution for the energy transition and blue economy”, in Glasgow.

Remember the highlights from other days of COP26

Day 1: Biden apologizes; india makes promises

On the first day of COP26, the President of the United States, Joe Biden, apologized to his fellow world leaders for the fact that the United States withdrew from the Paris Agreement under the Trump administration.

“I don’t think I should apologize, but I do apologize for the fact that the United States – the last government – ​​withdrew from the Paris Accords and put us in a tight spot,” Biden said in Glasgow.

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi made headlines on Monday by announcing a net zero emissions target, promising India will become carbon neutral by 2070.

While it was a big announcement, as India has yet to set a date for its net zero ambition, the 2070 target is a decade later than China’s, and two decades later the world as a whole needs to hit it. zero net emissions to prevent temperatures from rising beyond 1.5°C above pre-industrial times.

Day 2: “End of deforestation”

The commitment of more than 100 countries to end deforestation by 2030 was the highlight of the second day of the COP26 summit.

A declaration signed by 105 countries, including Brazil, seals the commitment to collective actions to halt and reverse forest loss and soil degradation by 2030. At the same time, the document highlights the agreement for sustainable development and the promotion of transformations rural areas that are inclusive.

Day 3: Budget cut for fuel and $9 billion for forests

On this Wednesday (3), the third day of COP26, the main theme was financial investment.

Among the topics discussed at the meeting were the cuts in fossil fuel funds, and an investment of US$ 9 billion (about R$ 50 billion) in a fund at the United States Department of State to finance projects for the conservation of forests with developing countries around the world.

On Sunday (31), the G20 countries reaffirmed their commitment to climate finance, which includes providing US$ 100 billion (approximately R$ 568 billion) per year to developing countries by 2025.

Day 4: Commitment by countries to end the use of coal

During COP26, this Thursday (4), 77 countries pledged to end the use of coal. Brazil did not join the list, as it does not have a strong contribution to coal emissions.

The leaders and representatives present came together to discuss the acceleration of the global transition to clean energy on the fourth day of the event.

Although China, India and the United States are the largest emitters of coal in the world, the three countries have not joined the alliance either. Politically for them, this action is very complicated and suffers strong resistance, in the analysis of Lourival Sant’Anna, international analyst at CNN.

Commitment signed for the reduction of methane gas

To reduce gas emissions by 30% by 2030, 103 countries have joined in an effort led by the United States and the European Union (EU). The group of signatories to the “Global Methane Commitment” includes Brazil, one of the world’s five largest emitters of methane.

In the assessment of ambassador Paulino Franco de Carvalho Neto, secretary for Multilateral Political Affairs at the Itamaraty, the goals announced by Brazil at COP26 will require a great effort on the part of the federal government.

We made a very important and ambitious announcement, which is to increase our percentage of reduction in greenhouse gas emissions. We went from 43% to 50%, based on the year 2005. In other words, in 2030, we will have to issue half of what we issued in 2005

Ambassador Paulino Franco de Carvalho Neto, Secretary for Multilateral Political Affairs at Itamaraty

For the specialist, it is possible to reduce 50% of the emission of greenhouse gases before 2030, with effective measures to combat deforestation. “It is a problem that we have to face and, if we face it successfully and contain deforestation, we will certainly reach this goal even with some slack”, he said.

Delivering on the promise could have significant impacts for the energy sector. According to analysts, fixing leaky oil and gas infrastructure is the fastest and cheapest way to reduce methane emissions.

While the United States is the world’s biggest oil and gas producer, the EU is the biggest gas importer. Countries like China, Russia and India, which are among the biggest emitters of methane, have not signed the pledge.

On Monday (1), Environment Minister Joaquim Leite presented Brazil’s goals at the summit, which include a 50% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2030 and the neutralization of carbon emissions by 2050 .

Reference: CNN Brasil

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