The humanitarian crisis in Venezuela has forced more and more citizens to look for a new place to live, like the United States.
In early September, the United Nations (UN) reported that there are about 6.8 million Venezuelan refugees and migrants around the world, similar to the 6.8 million refugees from Ukraine and 6.6 million refugees. Syria, countries where there are wars.
The Interagency Coordination Platform for Refugees and Migrants (R4V) reports the same number as the UN; There are 6,805,209 Venezuelan refugees and immigrants in the world, according to data updated to August 2022.
The R4V details that the majority of the more than 6.8 million Venezuelans in the world are in the Latin America and Caribbean region (more than 5.7 million). However, other organizations point out that the desire to reach the United States among this population has increased in recent times.
Deteriorating economic conditions, food shortages and limited access to health care continue to pressure Venezuelans to leave their country, and a growing Venezuelan community in the US also represents a tie, Doris Meissner told CNN, who directs the work. of non-partisan US immigration policy. Washington Migration Policy Institute.
How many Venezuelans are there in the United States?
The R4V indicates that of the more than 6.8 million Venezuelan immigrants and refugees in the world, 465,200 were in the United States. However, that number has been updated for 2019.
UN international immigrant population statistics indicate that by mid-2020 there were 505,647 Venezuelans in the United States, which appears to be the most up-to-date number available as it is the same as the International Organization for Migration (IOM) included in the its “World Migration Report 2022”.
Now, the increase in Venezuelans arriving in the United States is reflected in the arrests (or “encounters”, as they are called in English statistics) carried out by US authorities in the South, North and, in general, throughout the territory.
From January to July 2021, the US Customs and Border Protection (CBP) recorded 32,102 “encounters” with Venezuelans. In the same period in 2022, the number skyrocketed to 71,022 meetings, representing an annual increase of 121%.
July is the most recent monthly figure for this year that is available on CPB.
So far in 2022, the month with the highest number of meetings with Venezuelans in the United States was January with a total of 22,884. In February, March and April, encounters dropped to less than 5,000 a month. However, in May they surpassed 5,000 again, and in June and July they were more than 13,000 and 17,000, respectively.
Of the total found, between January and July 2022, the CBP recorded that the majority occurred in Texas, with more than 52,000, and in Arizona, with almost 17,000. Agency numbers by state:
- Texas: 52,203
- Arizona: 16,953
- California: 897
- US Virgin Islands: 241
- Florida: 231
- Puerto Rico: 202
- New York: 111
- Maryland: 41
- Illinois: 23
- Georgia: 22
- Washington: 22
- New Mexico: 16
- Michigan: 12
- Nevada: 10
- City of Washington: 9
- Maine: 9
- Pennsylvania: 2
- South Carolina: 3
- Louisiana: 4
- New Jersey: 3
- Vermont: 3
- Virginia: 2
- Hawaii: 1
- Minnesota: 1
- Montana: 1
(*With information from Priscilla Alvarez of CNN)
Source: CNN Brasil