False: The video content shared on Twitter is false, alleging that IPEC (Intelligence in Research and Consulting) is located at the same address as the Lula Institute’s headquarters, in São Paulo, casting suspicion on the electoral surveys in which former President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (PT), candidate for the presidency, has appeared in the lead. The fact is that the Lula Institute emerged from the Citizenship Institute, whose acronym was once Ipec. The two institutions are not located at the same address. The author of the verified video himself made a retraction, admitting the error.
Investigated Content: Video shared on Twitter states that Ipec is located inside the Lula Institute’s headquarters in São Paulo. The 45-second content has the narration of youtuber Gustavo Gayer and is superimposed with articles published in the press and which bring research numbers from IPEC, in which Lula leads the presidential race. The caption quotes: “Now it’s explained!!! Where’s Xandão [presidente do TSE, ministro Alexandre de Moraes]? Is it an electoral crime or not?”
where it was published: Twitter.
Completion of Proof: The post that presents an excerpt from a video in which the author claims that the ipec (Intelligence in Research and Consulting), formerly Ibope, is located inside the headquarters of the Lula Institute, in Sao Paulo. By establishing the alleged relationship, suspicions are cast on the electoral polls that, so far, indicate that Lula leads the race for the presidency of the Republic.
In the tweet in which the video was shared, whose profile is of a supporter of President Jair Bolsonaro (PL), who is running for reelection, the author reinforces the idea that IPEC is located at the same address and draws conclusions, writing: “Now it’s explained!!!” Next, he asks Minister Alexandre de Moraes, president of the Superior Electoral Court (TSE), in a pejorative way: “Where is Xandão? Is this an electoral crime or not???”
The confusion happens because the two institutions initially had the same acronym, as explained by the advice of former President Lula. “Ipec was the first name of Instituto Cidadania, which later became Instituto Lula.”
The former president’s organization is located on Rua Pouso Alegre, in the neighborhood of Ipiranga, while the research institute is headquartered on Avenida Paulista, in the neighborhood of Bela Vista, both in the city of São Paulo. the two headquarters stay distant about five kilometers from each other.
The author of the video, the youtuber Gustavo Gayer, published a new recording to recant, admitting the confusion with the two names.
Falsefor Comprova, is content invented or edited to change its original meaning and deliberately disclosed to spread a falsehood.
Scope of publication: As of September 1, the post on Twitter had over 80,000 views, 13,500 likes, 392 comments and was reposted over 5,000 times.
What the author of the publication says: The author of the tweet does not have a direct message channel on Twitter, and his profile was not found on other social networks. The author of the video deleted the original content and published a new recording in which he admits to having passed on wrong information to the public.
How do we check: Initially, the report searched Google for the keywords “Ipec” + “Instituto Lula” and the query returned reports about the electoral surveys carried out by the research institute and also a publication on YouTube by Gustavo Gayer, author of the video, whose title is “I was wrong about Ipec and the Lula Institute”. At recordinghe retracts himself by error.
Even with the retraction video, Comprova continued to search for other data. At the Lula Institute website, we look for information on the address where the foundation is located and then confirm the location by searching on Google Maps. Ipec, on the other hand, does not make the address available on its official page, but the team was able to locate it through a search on a CNPJs consultation portal.
On Google, we resumed the search for the keyword “Instituto Lula”, now associated with the term “address Ipec”, which returned us to another profile on Twitter that reproduced the false claim verified in this verification.
The advice of former President Lula was also sought.
The shared recording
In a warning tone, the video shared on Twitter begins by drawing attention to the fact that IPEC, which had released a poll of voting intentions for the president on Monday (29) and on Tuesday (30), occupied the news in most large media outlets. In the survey, Lula appears in front of Bolsonaro, with 44% of the preference of the Brazilian electorate, compared to 32% for the president. The scenario is similar to that pointed out in other electoral polls, such as the most recent ones conducted by the Datasheet and for quaest.
Next, the author of the video states that Ipec is located inside the Lula Institute’s headquarters, in São Paulo. “This is no joke, I’m not exaggerating. It’s here”, says Gayer, who then starts doing an internet search, sharing his computer screen, to indicate the address “Pouso Alegre, 21”.
First, he shows the image of the address query of the Instituto Pesquisas e Estudos de Cidadania, former name of the Lula Institute, whose acronym was also Ipec. Then it shows a recent photo of the institute on the internet with, obviously, the same location. Gayer ends, saying: “Look at the absurdity we’ve reached, people!”
Same acronyms, different activities
When questioned about the allegation of the video shared on Twitter, the former president’s adviser informed, in a WhatsApp message, that “Ipec was the first name of Instituto Cidadania, which later became Instituto Lula.”
On the organization’s website, there is a historical clipping showing its various phases until culminating with the creation of the Lula Institute, in 2011, after the end of the PT’s second term in the presidency of the Republic. It was in that year that, according to the former president’s adviser, the institution was no longer called Ipec.
The advisory also reinforced that there is no relationship between the institute and IPEC, which conducts electoral polls, and that, although they have the same acronym, “the name, CNPJ and function are completely different.”
When consulting the CNPJ of the Lula Institute, information on related activities appears, such as the defense of social rights, of minorities and association linked to culture.
already, not CNPJ of Ipec, the main activity is the carrying out of market and public opinion surveys. THE company is formed by former executives of the former Brazilian Institute of Public Opinion and Statistics (Ibope), which ended its activities in 2021.
Video author admits mistake and retracts
On his YouTube account, Gustavo Gayer posted a retraction video on the night of Wednesday, August 31, the same date on which the first content published by him went viral on social networks.
The content is 1 minute and 21 seconds long. In it, the author states that he is retracting the information disclosed at the first moment, but warns that he has not been the target of any court order. Gayer said he realized that he was wrong when he said that Ipec would be headquartered within the Lula Institute. The false claim was made after a mistaken search he himself carried out on the internet.
“I was wrong and that’s why 10 minutes after I recorded the video, when I saw that I was wrong, I deleted the video. But I didn’t think it was enough yet, so I’m here making my retraction. I always try to be true to the facts, when I make a mistake, I will admit it”, said the author.
Attacks on polls
By creating a relationship that does not exist, so far, between the Lula Institute and Ipec, the author of the video, as well as the internet users who share the content, contribute to a narrative that tries to discredit electoral polls in the face of unfavorable results for their candidates.
With the approach of the elections, the contents of disinformation about the surveys of intention to vote are frequent. Only in the second half of August, Comprova proved to be fake video that puts Bolsonaro ahead in researchwhat senator mocked institute result to discredit research is that there is no record in the TSE of an alleged poll preventing an interviewee from voting for Bolsonaro.
It is important to highlight that the electoral polls do not represent a prediction of the result of the vote, which will take place in the first round on October 2, but a portrait of the moment in which the consultation was made. Until the elections, many factors can change the scenario for the candidates in dispute.
The author of the video
Gustavo Gayer Machado de Araújo, known on social media as Gustavo Gayer, is a candidate for federal deputy in Goiás for the PL, Bolsonaro’s party, and a supporter of the president. According to information recorded in the TSE system for Disclosure of Candidates and Electoral Accounts for the 2022 elections, he is a businessman and is 41 years old. In 2020, he ran for mayor of Goiânia, when he got 45,928 votes, ranking 4th.
In addition to the YouTube channel, created in 2016, Gayer works on Instagram (343,000 followers), Facebook (271,000 followers) and Twitter, where his account is currently blocked for violating the platform’s rules.
In August, Projeto Comprova denied two other videos by Gayer: the most recent, in which he said that the TSE admits that the PCC (criminal faction) has links with Lula’s PTand another in which he stated that Lula would have said that he will implement a dictatorship in Brazil if elected.
why do we investigate: Comprova investigates suspicious content that went viral on social media about the pandemic, public policies of the federal government and presidential elections. The verified post tries to relate the institute linked to former president Lula to Ipec, which conducts electoral polls throughout the country. False information harms the democratic process, because the population has the right to know the truth and base their choices on reliable information.
Other checks on the topic: A little over a month away from the first round of the presidential race, the number of disinformation content circulating on social networks involving candidates for the post is growing. This week, Comprova proved to be false that Simone Tebet let a doctor be humiliated at the Covid CPIwhich foreign presenters did not do joke about Lula and Bahia voters and what is misleading twitter post suggesting João Amoêdo’s support for Lula.
Content that tries to jeopardize the credibility of electoral polls or research institutes is also recurrent. In this sense, Comprova found that senator mocked survey results to discredit research and has also produced material explaining the scientific methods taken into account for conducting research.
Investigated by: A Gazeta and CBN Cuiabá; Verified by: Correio Braziliense, Estado de S.Paulo, Plural Curitiba, Correio, Rádio Band News, Correio, Folha de S.Paulo, Grupo Sinos, O Popular, Cruzoé and O Povo
Source: CNN Brasil