333: π.Χ.– Alexander the Great defeats the Persians of Darius III during the battle of Issus. The second triumph of Alexander the Great over the Persians after Granikos.
954: 13-year-old Lotharios is crowned king of West Phragia in the abbey of Saint Remy.
1330: The voivode of Wallachia Vassarava I defeats the army of Charles I of Hungary at the Battle of Posanda.
1793: Jean Sylvain Bey, the first mayor of Paris, is executed on the guillotine.
1825: Andreas Miaoulis breaks the siege of Turkish ships around Messolonghi and transports food to the besieged Greeks.
1910: This is the first time a stuntman has been used in a movie. He jumps from a burning balloon on the Hudson River in New York.
1912: The 7th Infantry Regiment liberates the city of Chios. The Greek military forces that had landed the previous day on the outskirts of the city of Chios, successfully face an unexpected Turkish attack and finally raise the Greek flag in the island’s capital.
1918: Following the resignation of Emperor Charles I, German Austria was declared by law a democratic state and a member of the new German Republic.
1922: Greece hands over the administration of Eastern Thrace to Turkey, after the departure of the last Greek soldier.
1923: After the failed “Brewery Coup” in Munich, Adolf Hitler is arrested and accused of high treason. Many of his associates are fleeing to Austria, while the newspaper of the National Socialist Party “People’s Observer” is suspended.
1923: Albert Einstein leaves Berlin after anti-Semitic threats to his life.
1927: Leon Trotsky was expelled from the CPSU and Joseph Stalin became the absolute ruler of the USSR.
1933: The first photo of Loch Ness’s supposed monster is published.
1940: Following the failure of the Italian attack on the Albanian Front, Adolf Hitler issued an order to his General Staff to draw up a plan and prepare an attack against Greece.
1942: The second-class probationary firefighter, Konstantinos Poulios, is killed while trying to put out a fire in a two-storey building in Thessaloniki. November 12 has been established in our country as a Day of Remembrance for Fallen Firefighters.
1944: British planes sink the battleship “Tirpits” off the coast of Norway, the pride of Nazi Germany’s fleet.
1954: The immigrant reception station on Ellis Island in New York closes. It welcomed over 20 million immigrants from around the world.
1981: The anniversary of the Polytechnic uprising is established as a school holiday.
1982: After Leonid Brezhnev’s death, KGB leader Yuri Andropov succeeds him to the leadership of the Soviet Communist Party.
1990: Emperor Akihito is enthroned in Japan.
1990: The English scientist Timothy Berners-Lee (TBL for his friends) invents the World Wide Web, better known as the WWW, on which the Internet is based.
1993: Athens ranks eleventh in the general survey of living conditions in thirty European cities.
1993: UN Security Council calls for new sanctions against Libya
1994: Jacques Chirac is resigning from the leadership of the Neo-Golist Party (RPR) to run for president of France.
1998: PKK leader Abdullah λάνcalan, who arrived in the Italian capital from Moscow on a Russian airline flight, was arrested at Rome’s Fiumicino airport. Police are not announcing the whereabouts of the arrested Kurdish leader, while Turkey is rushing to formally request his extradition from the Italian authorities, calling his arrest a turning point in the crackdown on the Kurdish separatist movement.
1999: A strong earthquake measuring 7.2 on the Richter scale hits the Dice region of Turkey. 894 dead and major disasters.
2000: The first derby of the “eternal” rivals Panathinaikos – Olympiakos on the historic Avenue after 17 years (0-0) is stigmatized by serious incidents.
2003: Nineteen Italians and eight Iraqis are the victims of the bombing of the Italian base in Nasiriyah, by an Iraqi suicide bomber. Italy is sinking into mourning. Despite the reactions, the Government decides to maintain the military forces in the area. This is the largest loss to the Italian armed forces since World War II.
2011: The financial crisis leads Silvio Berlusconi to resign from the post of Prime Minister of Italy.
1504 – Giovanni Battista Giraldi, Italian writer
1684 – Edward Vernon, British Admiral
1729 – Louis Antoine de Bougainville, French admiral and explorer
1746 – Jacques Charles, French physicist and inventor
1833 – Alexander Borodin, Russian composer and chemist
1840 – Auguste Rodin, French sculptor
1842 – Oyama Iwao, Japanese general
1842 – John William Stratt, English physicist
1851 – Edward Engel, German linguist
1866 – Sun Yat-sen, Chinese revolutionary and politician
1881 – Maximilian von Weichs, German general
1915 – Roland Barthes, French literary critic and author
1924 – Antoine Dolphis, French astronomer
1929 – Michael Ede, German writer
1929 – Grace Kelly, American actress
1933 – Jalal Talabani, Iraqi politician
1934 – Charles Manson, American assassin
1935 – Yang Vivian becomes Prime Minister of Niue
1936 – Costas Polychroniou, Greek footballer and coach
1943 – Brian Highland, American singer
1948 – Hassan Rohani, Iranian politician
1953 – Vassilis Karras, Greek singer
1953 – Baaba Maal, Senegalese songwriter
1961 – Nadia Comaneci, Romanian gymnast
1964 – Dave Elefson, American bassist
1964 – Vassilis Mazomenos, Greek director
1965 – Eleni Randou, Greek actress
1972 – Vassilis Tsiartas, Greek football player
1977 – Panagiotis Kapodistrias, Greek actor
1980 – Ryan Gosling, Canadian actor
1982 – Anne Hathaway, American actress
1988 – Russell Westbrook, American basketball player
607 – Pope Boniface III
683 – Yazid I, Arab caliph
973 – Burhart III, Duke of Swabia
1035 – Knutos, King of England
1094 – Duncan II, King of Scotland
1202 – Knutos VI, King of Denmark
1375 – John Henry, Margrave of Moravia
1434 – Louis III of Anjou, king of Naples
1595 – John Hawkins, English admiral and shipbuilder
1605 – Handan, Ottoman sultan
1793 – Jean Sylvain Bey, French astronomer, mathematician and politician
1896 – Spyridon Xyndas, Greek composer
1916 – Percival Lowell, American astronomer
1923 – Ernst Ziller, German architect
1944 – Tellos Agras, Greek poet
1948 – Uberto Giordano, Italian composer
1955 – Alfred Hagios, Hungarian swimmer
1956 – Juan Negrin, Spanish politician
1974 – Irini Dendrinou, Greek poet
1979 – Pythagoras Papastamatiou (known as Pythagoras), Greek lyricist
1981 – William Holden, American actor
1994 – Wilma Rudolph, American athlete
2004 – Mimis Chrysomallis, Greek actor
2008 – Mitch Mitchell, English drummer
2013 – Antigoni Valakou, Greek actress
2013 – Nikolaos Martis, Greek politician
2013 – John Towner, English composer
2016 – Lupita Tovar, Mexican actress