The 2022 United Nations (UN) climate summit, COP27, will take place from November 6 to 18 in the coastal city of Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt. This is the 27th edition of the meeting and should have representatives from around 200 countries.
The COP aims to bring together leaders from different countries and civil society actors to discuss ways to slow down climate change and mitigate the impacts already felt.
What does the acronym COP mean?
COP is an acronym for “Conference of the Parties”, representing the association of all member countries (or “parties”) that meet annually, for a period of two weeks, to assess the situation of climate change on the planet.
It is the largest and most important annual climate-related conference. Its origin is linked to ECO-92, organized 30 years ago by the UN, in Rio de Janeiro, where 197 countries signed a treaty to stabilize concentrations of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.
The first COP took place in 1994 in Berlin, Germany, when the treaty signed in 1992 came into force. Since then, the UN has annually convened all countries for the climate summit – last year, leaders from 120 nations attended the meeting, according to the organization.
What are the main objectives of COP27?
One of the main missions of this COP is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, which generate climate change. This encompasses the use of new technologies and renewable energy sources, as well as changes in consumer behavior.
Countries are expected to put into practice the climate issues discussed above and to have a more ambitious commitment, presenting more detailed and effective climate plans.
The COP27 presidency hopes that nations will capture and measure their progress to help the most vulnerable communities, according to the event’s organizers. The purpose of the conference is to “come out of negotiations and plan for the implementation of all promises made”.
In addition to putting in place ways to reduce emissions and slow the pace of global warming, countries must also adapt to climate consequences so that they can protect their citizens.
The idea is to pave the way for the first Global Review at COP28, which will assess, in 2023, the global collective progress in adaptation and the means of implementing the Paris Agreement, which aims to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
Brazil at COP27
Brazil will be represented at COP27 by the president-elect, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (PT). The information was confirmed by PT president Gleisi Hoffmann on Tuesday (1).
At the meeting, Lula will be part of the delegation of the re-elected governor of Pará, Helder Barbalho (MDB), on behalf of the Consortium of Governors of the Legal Amazon.
According to the new president’s team, climate concern is at the center of priorities on the international agenda and that of Lula, who “will resume Brazil’s leading role in caring for the Amazon, the planet and all Brazilian biomes.”
Source: CNN Brasil
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